Today in HisStory – March 19

Massachusetts Bay Colony was granted land by England. (1628)

200 members of the Peking Imperial Family and Court committed suicide in loyalty to the Emperor. (1644)

Explorer Robert Cavelier de La Salle, searching for the mouth of the Mississippi River, was murdered by his own men. (1687)

Founding Father and Patriot Thomas McKean was born. (1734)

Naturalization Act was passed granting Jews the right to colonize North American colonies. (1748)

Boston, Massachusetts was incorporated as a city. (1822)

In the first US bank robbery, the City Bank in New York was robbed of $245,000. (1831)

US Civil War: Confederate cruiser SS Georgiana was destroyed on her maiden voyage with a cargo of munitions and medicines then valued at over $1,000,000. The wreck was discovered exactly 102 years later by teenage diver and pioneer underwater archaeologist E. Lee Spence. (1863)

Pluto was photographed for the first time. (1915)

First US air combat mission began. (1916)

US Supreme Court upheld an eight hour work day for railroad employees. (1917)

US Congress authorized time zones and approved daylight saving time. (1918)

WW1: S Potter became the first US pilot to shoot down a German seaplane. (1918)

US Senate rejected the Treaty of Versailles for a second time refusing to ratify League of Nations’ covenant. (1920)

Nevada legalized gambling. (1931)

Astronomer Fritz Zwicky published his research on stellar explosion in which he coined the term “supernova” and hypothesized they were the origin of cosmic rays. (1937)

WW2: US President Franklin D. Roosevelt ordered men between 45 and 64 to register for non-military duty. (1942)

WW2: 800 were killed as Kamikaze attacked the USS Franklin off Japan. (1945)

WW2: Adolf Hitler issued “Nero Decree” to destroy all German factories. (1945)

Confederate cruiser SS Georgiana was destroyed on her maiden voyage with a cargo of munitions, and medicines then valued over $1,000,000. Wreck was discovered exactly 102 years later by teenage diver and pioneer underwater archaeologist E. Lee Spence. (1965)

Chicago 8 was indicted in the aftermath of the Chicago Democratic Convention. (1969)

U.S. invasion of Afghanistan: Operation Anaconda ended after killing 500 Taliban and al Qaeda fighters with only 11 allied troop fatalities. (2002)

Iraqi War: The United States, along with coalition forces primarily from the United Kingdom, initiates war on Iraq. (2003)

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Today in HisStory – March 18

Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II crowned himself King of Jerusalem. (1229)

Jacques de Molay, the 23rd and the last Grand Master of the Knights Templar, was burned at the stake by King Philip IV of France. (1314)

According to legend, Tenochtitlan was founded on this date. The event is depicted on the Mexican coat of arms. (1325)

Hernando de Soto observed first recorded flood in America at the Mississippi River. (1541)

American Revolutionary War: Britain repealed the Stamp Act, which had caused outrage in colonial America and helped lead to the American Revolution. (1766)

Six farm labourers from Tolpuddle, Dorset, England were sentenced to be transported to Australia for forming a trade union. (1834)

US Civil War: Congress of Confederate States of America adjourned for last time. (1865)

Hawaii signed a treaty with the United States granting exclusive trading rights. (1874)

US President Hayes appointed Frederick Douglass marshal of Washington DC. (1875)

US President Rutherford B. Hayes appointed Frederick Douglass marshal of Washington, D.C. (1877)

Barnum and Bailey’s Greatest Show on Earth opened at Madison Square Garden. (1881)

Morgan Earp was assassinated by outlaws while playing billiards in Tombstone. (1882)

Phoebe, a moon of Saturn, was discovered by William Pickering. (1899)

Japan used its influence over Korea to deny Russia’s efforts to obtain a naval station at Korean Port of Masampo. This led to the Russo-Japanese war. (1900)

British magistrates in India sentenced Mahatma Gandhi to six years imprisonment for disobedience. (1922)

The worst tornado in U.S. history passed through eastern Missouri, southern Illinois, and southern Indiana, killing 695 people, injuring some 13,000 people, and causing $17 million in property damage. (1925)

WW2: Benito Mussolini joined Hitler in Germany’s war against France and Britain. (1940)

WW2: The War Relocation Authority was created to “Take all people of Japanese descent into custody… until the end of the war.” (1942)

Two black players, Jackie Robinson and Nate Moreland, requested a tryout with the Chicago White Sox. (1942)

US President Dwight D. Eisenhower signed the Hawaii statehood bill. (1959)

Cosmonaut Aleksei Leonov, leaving his spacecraft Voskhod 2 for 12 minutes, became the first person to walk in space. (1965)

Poppin’ Fresh Pillsbury Dough Boy was introduced. (1965)

Vietnam War: Vietnam handed over MIA soldiers to the US. (1977)

In the first free elections in East Germany, Conservatives beat Communists. (1990)

In the largest art robbery in US history, 13 works of art worth over $500 million were stolen from the Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum in Boston. (1990)

Russia formally annexes Crimea, previously part of Ukraine. by signing Treaty on Accession. (2014)

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Today in HisStory – March 17

16 year old Patrick was snatched and carried off to Ireland as a slave. (432 AD)

Saint Patrick, missionary to Ireland, died. (461 AD)

Portuguese navigator Ferdinand Magellan reached the Philippines. (1521)

First St. Patrick’s Day celebration was held in the United States. (1737)

American Revolutionary War: British forces were forced to evacuate Boston. (1776)

Dred Scott was born. (1777)

Texas abolished slavery for a short time. (1836)

Rubber band was patented by Stephen Perry of London. (1845)

Amanda Berry, evangelist and song writer who was born a slave, became a Christian. (1856)

Italy declared independence. The Kingdom of Italy was proclaimed. (1861)

In the Carrollton Massacre in Mississippi, 20 African Americans were killed (1886)

John Philip Holland achieved successful test runs of the first modern submarine off Staten Island. (1898)

At a show in Paris, 71 Vincent van Gogh paintings caused a sensation, 11 years after his death. (1901)

Albert Einstein finished his scientific paper detailing his Quantum Theory of Light, one of the foundations of modern physics. (1905)

WW2: General Douglas MacArthur arrived in Australia to become supreme commander. (1942)

WW2: Bełżec Concentration Camp opened with the transport of 30,000 Lublin Polish Jews. (1942)

Golda Meir became Israel’s 4th Prime Minister. (1969)

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Today in HisStory – March 16

Babylonians captured Jerusalem and replaced Jehoiachin with Zedekiah as king. (597 BC)

Native American chief visited the colony of Plymouth, Massachusetts. (1621)

James Madison, author of the US Constitution and forth president of the United States, was born. (1751)

A law was signed to establish the US Military Academy in West Point, New York. (1802)

Ohio authorized high school night classes. (1829)

Scotland Yard was established. (1830)

New York Stock Exchange slowest day ever was with 31 shares traded. (1830)

Constitution of the Republic of Texas was approved. (1836)

Nathaniel Hawthorne’s The Scarlet Letter was published. (1850)

US Civil War: Edward Clark became the Governor of Texas. He replaced Sam Houston who was evicted from the office for refusing to take an oath of loyalty to the Confederacy. (1861)

US Civil War: Arizona Territory voted to leave the Union. (1861)

US Civil War: Confederate government appointed commissioners to Britain. (1861)

An article by Joseph Lister outlining the discovery of antiseptic surgery was published. (1867)

Hiram R. Revels made the first official speech by an African American in the Senate. (1869)

Barnum and Bailey Circus debuted. (1881)

US Senate ratified a treaty establishing the Red Cross. (1882)

The world’s first liquid-fueled rocket was launched at Auburn, Massachusetts. (1926)

Comedian Jerry Lewis was born. (1926)

WW2: Adolf Hitler ordered German rearmament in violation of The Treaty of Versailles. (1935)

US President Eisenhower upheld the use of atomic weapons in case of war. (1955)

New English Bible was published. (1970)

Mississippi House of Representatives formally abolished slavery and ratified the 13th Amendment. (1995)

Dow-Jones hit a record 4069.15. (1995)

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Today in HisStory – March 15

Julius Caesar was stabbed to death by Marcus Junius Brutus, Gaius Cassius Longinus, Decimus Junius Brutus, and several other Roman senators on the Ides of March. (44 BC)

St. Nicholas was born. (270 AD)

Christopher Columbus returned to Spain after his first voyage to the New World. (1493)

British King Charles II enacted the Declaration of Indulgence, granting religious freedom to Protestants and Catholics not sanctioned by the crown. (1672)

US President Andrew Jackson was born. (1767)

America Revolutionary War: British and American forces clashed during the Battle of Guilford Court House, North Carolina. British suffered heavy losses. (1781)

American Revolutionary War: In an emotional speech in Newburgh, New York, George Washington asked his officers not to support the Newburgh Conspiracy. The threatened coup never took place. (1783)

Maine was admitted as 23rd US state. (1820)

First escalator was patented by its inventor, Jesse W Reno. (1892)

US President Woodrow Wilson gave the first US presidential press conference. (1913)

Cleveland established the first small claims court. (1913)

Czar Nicholas II, ruler of Russia, was forced to abdicate the throne during the Russian Revolution. He nominates his brother Grand Duke Michael to succeed him. (1917)

First state contraceptive clinic opened in Raleigh, North Carolina. (1937)

WW2: Reneging on his pledge in the Munich Agreement, Hitler occupied and annexed Czechoslovakia. (1939)

WW2: Hermann Goering said 100-200 church bells was enough for Germany. He ordered the rest to be smelt. (1940)

Five research groups announced the discovery of anti-matter. (1962)

US President Lyndon B. Johnson addressed a joint session of US Congress to urge the passage of legislation guaranteeing voting rights for all. (1965)

The first Internet domain name,, was registered. (1985)

Pluto again became the outermost planet. (1999)

The discovery of 90377 Sedna, the farthest natural object in the Solar system so far observed, was announced. (2004)

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Today in HisStory – March 14

In the Battle of Ivry, French King Henry IV beat the Catholic League during French Wars of Religion. (1590)

First American town meeting was held in Boston’s Faneuil Hall. (1743)

On board the HMS Monarch, British Admiral John Byng was executed on his own flagship by firing squad for neglecting his duty. (1757)

Eli Whitney patented the cotton gin. (1794)

War of 1812: US Congress authorized war bonds to finance the war. (1812)

African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church was founded. (1821)

Ellen G. White, founder of the Seventh Day Adventist Church, received a vision while attending a funeral service in Lovett’s Grove near Bowling Green, Ohio. (1858)

Albert Einstein was born. (1879)

US currency went on the gold standard after US Congress passed the Currency Act. (1900)

By Presidential order, the US excluded Japanese laborers from entering the country. (1907)

John D. Rockefeller gave $100 million to the Rockefeller Foundation. (1913)

US President Warren G. Harding became the first president to pay taxes. (1923)

WW2: Nazi Germany dissolved the Republic of Czechoslovakia. (1939)

WW2: Nazi occupiers of Holland forbad Jewish owned companies. (1941)

FBI’s 10 Most Wanted Fugitives program began. (1950)

Jack Ruby was sentenced to death for murder of Lee Harvey Oswald, the murderer of US President John F. Kennedy. (1964)

US President John F. Kennedy’s body was moved from temporary grave to a permanent memorial. (1967)

Future US senator John McCain was released after spending over five years in a North Vietnamese prisoner of war camp. (1973)

European Court of Justice ruled companies could ban staff from wearing religious symbols, including headscarves. (2017)

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Today in HisStory – March 13

German king Koenraad II von Hohenstaufen was crowned. (1138)

Hernán Cortés landed in Mexico. (1519)

Cambridge College was renamed Harvard for clergyman John Harvard. (1639)

Massachusetts gained title to Maine for $6,000. (1677)

First US Moravian bishop, David Nitschmann, was consecrated in Germany. (1735)

William Herschel saw what he thought was a comet but it was actually the discovery of the planet Uranus. (1781)

Uncle Sam’s cartoon figure made its debut in the New York Lantern weekly. (1852)

US Civil War: Confederate President Jefferson Davis signed a bill authorizing the use of slaves as soldiers. (1865)

US Senate began US President Andrew Johnson’s impeachment trial. (1868)

Czar Alexander II, the ruler of Russia, was killed by a bomb thrown by a member of the revolutionary People’s Will group. (1881)

US adopted Standard Time. (1884)

Great Blizzard of 1888 raged. (1888)

WW1: British forces ended their three-day assault on the German trenches near the village of Neuve Chapelle in northern France. (1915)

The Butler Law in Tennessee made it unlawful to teach anything but creationism. (1925)

Clyde Tombaugh announced the discovery of Pluto at Lowell Observatory. (1930)

American banks were allowed to reopen after a government imposed bank holiday. (1933)

WW2: Joseph Goebbels became Nazi Germany’s Minister of Information and Propaganda. (1933)

WW2: In a process known as Anschluss, Austria was annexed into Nazi Germany. (1938)

WW2: The United States Army began training dogs for the newly established War Dog Program or K-9 Corps. (1942)

WW2: Failed assassin attempt was made on Hitler during Smolensk-Rastenburg flight. (1943)

WW2: London suspends travel between Ireland and Britain. (1944)

US President John F. Kennedy set up the Alliance for Progress. (1961)

Old type black and white notes ceased to be legal tender. (1961)

Blizzard of ’93 hit Northeast USA. (1993)

Encyclopaedia Britannica announced it would no longer publish printed versions of its encyclopedia. (2012)

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Today in HisStory – March 12

After years in exile, Jews finished rebuilding the temple of God. (515 BC)

First record of Johann Gutenberg’s Bible, a letter dated this day by Enea Silvio Piccolomini, referred to the Bible printed a year before. (1455)

New Jersey became an English colony. (1664)

US Congress accepted the Pre-emption Bill, free land in West for colonists. (1860)

Coca-Cola was sold in bottles for the first time in Vicksburg, Mississippi. (1894)

Girl Guides, now known as Girl Scouts, formed in Savannah, Georgia by Juliette Gordon Low. (1912)

US President Franklin D. Roosevelt conducted his first fireside chat. (1933)

WW2: Nazi Germany invaded Austria. (1938)

WW2: Anne Frank died in a Nazi concentration camp. (1945)

US President Harry Truman introduced the Truman Doctrine to fight communism. (1947)

US House joined US Senate in approving Hawaii for statehood. (1959)

US lowered the voting age from 21 to 18. (1970)

Church of England ordained the first 33 women priests. (1994)

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Today in HisStory – March 11

Goths laid siege to Rome. (537 AD)

New York’s English Deputies approved a new legal code guaranteeing all Protestants the right to practice their religious observances unhindered. (1665)

US Army Corps of Engineers was established. (1779)

Benjamin Banneker and Pierre Charles L’Enfant began to lay out Washington, D.C. (1789)

Frankenstein; or, The Modern Prometheus by Mary Shelley, the first Science Fiction novel, was published. (1818)

US War Department created the Bureau of Indian Affairs. (1824)

Felix Mendelssohn arranged to have Bach’s St. Matthew Passion played almost exactly a century from the date of its first, long-forgotten performance. (1829)

Woman’s Medical College of Pennsylvania became the first female medical school. (1850)

US Civil War: Confederate convention in Montgomery adopted a constitution. (1861)

US Civil War: US President Abraham Lincoln removed George McClellen as general-in-chief. (1862)

The West first learned of the Giant Panda by French missionary Armand David. (1869)

Great blizzard of ’88 struck Northeastern US. (1888)

A meteorite entered the earth’s atmosphere and exploded over New Martinsville, West Virginia. (1897)

Moscow became the capital of revolutionary Russia. (1918)

WW2: Hermann Goering officially created the German Air Force Luftwaffe. (1935)

WW2: First deportation train left Paris for Auschwitz Concentration Camp. (1942)

Muslims held 130 hostages in Washington DC. (1977)

Menachem Begin and Anwar Sadat signed a peace treaty in Washington, D.C. (1982)

Ashes of Star Trek creator Gene Roddenberry were launched into space. (1997)

9.0 magnitude earthquake struck 130 km east of Sendai, Japan. This triggered a tsunami killing thousands of people and causing the second worst nuclear accident in history. (2011)

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Today in HisStory – March 10

Dante, author of Divine Comedy, was exiled out of Italy. (1302)

Anabaptist leader Balthasar Hubmaier was martyred by being burned at the stake. (1528)

King Charles I of Great Britain dissolved Parliament. He recalled it 11 years later. (1629)

Quaker William Penn received a charter from Charles II for the colonial American territory known today as the state of Pennsylvania. (1681)

Slave-ship Captain and author of Amazing Grace John Newton gave his life to Christ, (1748)

French Huguenot Jean Calas, who was wrongly convicted of killing his son, died after being tortured by authorities. The event inspired Voltaire to begin campaign for religious tolerance and legal reform. (1762)

American Revolutionary War: USS Alliance under Captain Barry fought and won the last naval battle of the war off Cape Canaveral. (1783)

Abraham Lincoln applied for a patent, the only US president to do so, for a device to lift a boat over shoals and obstructions. (1849)

West African political leader El Hadj Umar Tall seized the city of Segou, destroying the Bambara Empire of Mali. (1861)

US issued first paper money in $5, $10, $20, $50, $100, $500, and $1000 bills. (1862)

First telephone call was made by Alexander Graham Bell to Thomas Watson. (1876)

A group of Salvation Army members invaded New York City as missionaries to America. (1880)

A United States court of appeals ruled Thomas Edison did not invent the movie camera. (1902)

Republic of China officailly abolished slavery. (1910)

Slave rescuer Harriet Tubman died. (1913)

Home Rule Act, passed by the British Parliament, divided Ireland into two parts. It was rejected by the southern counties. (1920)

Lolly Willowes, or The Loving Huntsman, the first Book-of-the-Month Club selection, was published by Viking Press. (1926)

WW2: Field-marshal Albert Kesselring succeeded Gerd von Rundstedt as commander of German Army Command in the West. (1945)

WW2: Tokyo was on fire after night time B-29 bombings. More than 100,000 people died. (1945)

Osama Bin Laden was born. (1957)

US Senate approved an amendment lowering the voting age to 18. (1971)

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