Today in History May 23

Joan of Arc is captured at Compiegne & sold to the English (1430)

Second Charter of Virginia is officially ratified. (1609)

Two Catholic Lords Regent and their secretary are thrown out of a window starting the Thirty Year War (1618)

British privateer Captain William Kidd is hanged for piracy and murder. (1701)

Benjamin Franklin invents bifocals. (1785)

US Civil War: Virginia citizens vote 3 to 1 to secede from the United States. (1861)

Hermann Gunkel is born. He was the German Protestant biblical scholar who pioneered the analytical approach to understanding Scripture afterward known as “form criticism.” (1862)

Seventh-day Adventist Church organizes in Battle Creek, Michigan (1863)

Canada’s North West Mounted Police Force forms. In 1904 it becomes adds “Royal” to it’s name. (1873)

The first of several Chapel rail cars, portable churches that traveled the Old West, is dedicated in Cincinnati Ohio (1891)

US Civil War: Sergeant William Harvey Carney becomes the first African American to be awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor for his bravery. He was a member of the 54th Massachusetts Colored Infantry. (1900)

First automobile trip across US spanned from San Francisco to New York (1903)

Police gun down outlaws Bonnie and Clyde. (1934)

WW2: Federal Republic of West Germany is created out of the American, British and French occupation zones. (1949)

Mao Zedong starts “Great leap forward” movement in China to bring in a Socialist economy. It creates the Great Chinese Famine (1958).

Tsunami kills 61 in Hawaii. (1960)

The Good Friday Agreement is accepted in a referendum in Northern Ireland with 75% voting yes. (1998)

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Today in History May 22

The Macedonian army of Alexander the Great defeats Darius III of Persia in the Battle of the Granicus. (334 BC)

Nicean Creed establishing Christ’s divinity is created. (359 AD)

First atlas, ‘Theatrum Orbis Terrarum’ (Theatre of the World), was published by Abraham Ortelius in Antwerp. It had with 70 maps. (1570)

Napoleon supports re-establishing Jerusalem for Jews. (1799)

US first First Lady Martha Washington dies. (1802)

First public library opens in Connecticut. (1803)

Former Vice President Aaron Burr is tried for treason and acquitted. (1807)

Townsend Speakman first sells fruit-flavored carbonated drinks. (1807)

The Great Immigration, a massive wagon train made up of 1,000 settlers and 1,000 head of cattle, sets off down the Oregon Trail from Independence, Missouri.  (1843)

Abraham Lincoln receives a patent for a device to lift a boat over shoals and obstructions. He was the only US president to have a patent. (1849)

US Civil War: General Ulysses S. Grant begins siege on Vicksburg. (1863)

US Civil War: Amnesty Act restores civil rights to Southerners except 500. (1872)

US President Roosevelt signs a treaty with Mexico under which both countries agree to submit a long-standing dispute over interest payments to the Court of Arbitration at The Hague. (1902)

Wright Brothers patent an aeroplane. (1906)

Nathan Leopold & Richard Loeb kidnap Robert Franks, a fourteen year old who they later kill. They confess they did it for fun and to create the perfect crime. (1924)

WW2: Adolf Hitler & Benito Mussolini sign “Pact of Steel”. (1939)

WW2: Dutch Premier De Geer begins working with Nazis. (1940)

First US rocket to reach the edge of space was fired from White Sands Missile Range, New Mexico. (1946)

Continental Airlines Flight 11 crashes after bombs explode on board. (1962)

US President Lyndon B. Johnson presents “Great Society” creating the welfare state in the US. (1964)

“Mister Rogers’ Neighborhood” debuts.  (1967)

President Nixon confesses his role in Watergate cover-up. (1973)

US sailor Michael L Walker is arrested for spying for USSR. (1985)

In the Lewinsky scandal, a federal judge rules that United States Secret Service agents can be compelled to testify before a grand jury about President Bill Clinton. (1998)

A jury in Birmingham, Alabama convicts former Ku Klux Klan member Bobby Frank Cherry of the 1963 murders of four girls in the bombing of the 16th Street Baptist Church. (2002)

The U.S. town of Hallam, Nebraska is wiped out by a powerful F4 tornado that broke a width record at an astounding 2.5 miles wide. It only kills one local resident. (2004)

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Today in History – May 21

The General Assembly of Geneva, Switzerland officially accepts the evangelical faith of the Swiss reformers and embraced Protestantism. (1536)

Pierre Poiret dies. He was the founder of the Pietistic movement which attempted to give Christian life more feeling and make it less formal. (1719)

Charles Wesley credits this as the day he received the witness of the Holy Spirit that he was saved. (1738)

Mount Unzen on Japan’s Shimabara Peninsula, erupts creating a tsumasi, killing about 15,000. This was Japan’s deadliest volcanic eruption. (1792)

Lewis & Clark Expedition begins. (1804)

First bicycles in US, swift walkers, are introduced in New York City. (1819)

Hudson Taylor, founder of the China Inland Mission, is born. (1821)

First Democratic Party Convention convenes. (1832)

Lawrence, Kansas is captured and sacked by pro-slavery forces. (1856)

US Civil War: Richmond, Virginia becomes the Confederate Capital (1861)

17,000 die when French regular troops attack Commune of Paris (1871)

Clara Barton is founder of American Red Cross. (1881)

Connecticut enacts first speed-limit law of 12 miles per hour. (1901)

Lindbergh lands in Paris ending first solo flight across Atlantic. (1927)

WW2: Nazis kill “unfit” people in East Prussia. (1940)

All My Children star Susan Lucci finally wins a Daytime Emmy after being nominated 19 times, the longest period of unsuccessful nominations in television history. (1999)

Stanislav Petrov is awarded World Citizen Award for averting a potential nuclear war in 1983 after correctly guessing Russian early warning system at fault. (2004)

Posted in 1536, 1719, 1738, 1792, 1804, 1819, 1821, 1832, 1856, 1861, 1871, 1881, 1901, 1927, 1940, 1999, 2004, 5/21 May 21, Date, Year | Leave a comment