Today in HisStory – October 15

Byzantine General Belisarius made his formal entry into Carthage, having conquered it from the Vandals. (533 AD)

Dionysius, the Orthodox archbishop of Suzdal, died in prison. He had founded a monastery, encouraged his people in their struggle against the Tatars, and spoken out against heretical leaders. One of those who felt the sting of his preaching, Vladimir Olgerdovich, prince of Kiev, arrested and imprisoned him. (1385)

King Henry VIII of England ordered bowling lanes at Whitehall. (1520)

The first ballet, Ballet Comique de la Reine, was staged in Paris. (1581)

Napoleon Bonaparte arrived on the island of St Helena to begin his exile. (1815)

11-year-old Grace Bedell wrote to future US President Abraham Lincoln and told him to grow a beard. (1860)

Great fire in Quebec destroyed 2,500 houses. (1866)

Child labor law took 12-year-olds out of the work force. (1874)

Edison Electric Light Company was incorporated (1878)

US Supreme Court declared Civil Rights Act of 1875 unconstitutional. The act required equal treatment and equal access to public accommodations. (1883)

Rainisoalambo, a diviner on Madagascar, threw away his amulets and apparatus of divination. The night before, wretched with ulcers, he had called out to the God of Norwegian missionaries and sensed he must get rid of his sorcerous props. Disciples of the Lord group formed around him and became an evangelistic force on the island. (1894)

After Pentecostal evangelist Charles Fox Parham opened Bethel Bible Institute in Topeka, Kansas, Student Agnes Ozman became the first in that movement to speak in tongues. (1900)

WW1: Mata Hari was executed for spying for the Germans. (1917)

US President Calvin Coolidge declared the Statue of Liberty a national monument. (1924)

Duke Ellington recorded his first big hit, Mood Indigo. (1930)

Gladys Aylward sailed from Liverpool bent on bringing the gospel to China despite being told by mission boards she wasn’t not fit for the task. Her later heroic adventures and rescue of over one hundred orphans inspired the film Inn of the Sixth Happiness. (1932)

20th Amendment to the US Constitution went into effect. Presidential terms began in January, not March. (1933)

WW2: Hideki Tojo was appointed Prime Minister of Imperial Japan. (1941)

WW2: First mass deportation of German Jews to Eastern Europe took place. (1941)

WW2: Jews caught outside Nazi Ghetto walls in occupied Poland could be put to death. (1941)

WW2: Pierre Laval, the puppet leader of Nazi-occupied Vichy France, was executed by firing squad for treason against France. (1945)

WW2: Herman Goering, commander in chief of the Luftwaffe, president of the Reichstag, head of the Gestapo, prime minister of Prussia, chief forester of the Reich, chief liquidator of sequestered estates, supreme head of the National Weather Bureau, and Hitler’s designated successor committed suicide before he could be executed by the War Crimes Commission. (1945)

Billy Graham began his ministry. (1949)

Mexican chemist Luis E. Miramontes synthesized the first oral contraceptive. (1951)

I Love Lucy, starring Lucille Ball and Desi Arnaz, debuted on CBS. (1951)

Hurricane Hazel, the fourth major hurricane that year, hammered southern Ontario, Canada. Hazel hit hard from Jamaica to Canada, killing more than 400 people and causing over $1 billion in damages. (1954)

Vietnam War: First draft card was burned. (1965)

US President Lyndon B. Johnson signed a bill creating US Department of Transportation. (1966)

Black Panther Party was created by Huey P. Newton and Bobby Seale. (1966)

Billy Graham was given the 1,900th star on Hollywood Blvd. (1989)

Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev won the Nobel Peace Prize for his work in ending Cold War tensions. (1990)

Actress Alyssa Milano tweeting “If you’ve been sexually harassed or assaulted write ‘me too’” prompted flood of replies across Facebook, Instagram and Twitter. (2017)

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Today in HisStory – October 14

King Harold II of England was defeated by the Norman forces of William the Conqueror at the Battle of Hastings. He was the last Anglo-Saxon king of England. (1066)

Robert the Bruce of Scotland defeated King Edward II of England at Byland, forcing Edward to accept Scotland’s independence. (1322)

Massachusetts enacted a law against Quakers. (1656)

John and Charles Wesley first set sail to America to minister to the Indians. (1735)

American Revolutionary War: The United Kingdom’s East India Company tea ships’ cargo was burned at Annapolis, Maryland. (1773)

American Revolutionary War: First Continental Congress made a Declaration of Colonial Rights in Philadelphia. (1774)

First African Amercian to receive a US patent, Henry Blair, was granted one for a corn planter. (1834)

In Philadelphia, Whigs and Democrats staged a gun, stone and brick battle for control of a Moyamensing Township election. It resulted in one death, several injuries, and the burning down of a block of buildings. (1834)

US Civil War: At the Battle of Bristoe Station, General Robert E. Lee failed to drive Union forces out of Virginia. (1863)

15th and last Tokugawa Shogun, Tokugawa Yoshinobu, resigned in Japan. (1867)

Bull Moose Presidential Candidate and former US President Teddy Roosevelt was shot while campaigning in Milwaukee. (1912)

WW1: Adolf Hitler was wounded in a gas attack. (1918)

A. A. Milne’s book Winnie the Pooh was published. (1926)

WW2: Nazi Germany announced its withdrawal from the League of Nations. (1933)

WW2: 600 Jews escaped during an uprising at the Nazi concentration Camp in Sobibor, Poland. (1943)

WW2: German General Erwin Rommel, the Desert Fox, was given the option of facing a public trial for treason, as a co-conspirator in the plot to assassinate Adolf Hitler, or taking cyanide. He committed suicide. (1944)

U.S. Air Force Captain Chuck Yeager broke the sound barrier. (1947)

UN General Assembly first met at its new headquarters in New York. (1952)

Cuban Missile Crisis began when photographs taken by a high-altitude U-2 spy plane offered incontrovertible evidence that Soviet-made medium-range missiles in Cuba, 90 miles off the American coastline. (1962)

Martin Luther King Jr. won the Nobel Peace Prize. (1964)

Nikita Khrushchev was ousted as both premier of the Soviet Union and chief of the Communist Party after 10 years in power. He was succeeded as head of the Communist Party by his former protégé Leonid Brezhnev. (1964)

Vietnam War: 175 US airplanes bombed North Vietnam. (1966)

Two were killed in Memphis racial disturbances. (1971)

US President Gerald Ford escaped injury when his limousine was struck broadside. (1975)

Actor and singer Bing Crosby died. (1977)

US President Reagan proclaimed a war on drugs. (1982)

Nobel Peace Prize was awarded to Auschwitz survivor Elie Wiesel, for his efforts to ensue the Holocaust was remembered. (1986)

Producer Harvey Weinstein was expelled by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences after historical revelations of sexual harassment and rape. (2017)

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Today in HisStory – October 13

Persian armies of Cyrus the Great captured Babylon. (539 BC)

Nero became emperor of Rome. (54 AD)

French King Philip IV had Grand Master Jacques de Molay and Knights Templar arrested and charged of idolatry and corruption. (1307)

In Virginia, slavery was banned for Negroes who arrived in the American colonies as Christians. (1670)

American Revolutionary War: US Navy formed. (1775)

American Revolutionary War: The Continental Congress ordered the construction of a naval fleet. (1775)

Washington laid the cornerstone of the Executive Mansion, now called White House. (1792)

Old Farmer’s Almanac was first published and edited by Robert Thomas. (1792)

US Civil War: During the Battle of Dalton, Georgia, Confederates surrendered. (1864)

US Civil War: Maryland voters adopted a new constitution, including abolition of slavery. (1864)

Hebrew language was revived when Eliezer Ben-Yehuda and his friends agreed to use Hebrew exclusively in their conversations. (1881)

Greenwich was established as universal time meridian of longitude. (1884)

The Church of the Nazarene was organized in Texas. (1908)

WW2: Italy declared war on former Axis partner Germany. (1943)

WW2: US First Army began the Battle of Aachen. Aachen was the first German city to be captured. (1944)

Harvey starring Jimmy Stewart was released. (1950)

Uruguay to Chile plane crashed in the Andes Mountains. Passengers ate crash victims to survive. 16 of 45 were rescued two months later. (1972)

Jordan entered the Yom Kippur War. (1973)

First electron micrograph of an Ebola viral particle was obtained by Dr. F.A. Murphy, working at the C.D.C. (1976)

The first military use of trained dolphins took place by the US Navy in the Persian Gulf. (1987)

The Copiapó mining accident in Copiapó, Chile came to an end. All 33 miners arrived at the surface after surviving a record 69 days underground. (2010)

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Today in HisStory – October 12

The army of Cyrus the Great of Persia overtook Babylon. (539 BC)

King John of England lost his crown jewels in The Wash, probably near Fosdyke, perhaps near Sutton Bridge. (1216)

180 Jews refused baptism in Munich Germany and were set on fire. (1285)

Columbus discovered America when his expedition made landfall on a Caribbean island he named San Salvador. It was likely Watling Island in the Bahamas. The explorer believed he had reached East Asia. Columbus discovers the New World. His writings showed he intended to bring the gospel as well as pursue his secular ends. (1492)

Summoned before Cardinal Thomas Cajetan, Martin Luther refused to recant the 95 theses he had posted on the chapel door at Wittenberg Castle. (1518)

Children’s rhyme Three Blind Mice was published in London. (1609)

Benjamin Abbott, an American revival leader, was born again. (1772)

America’s first insane asylum opened in Virginia for Persons of Insane and Disordered Minds. (1773)

First celebration of Columbus Day in the US was held in New York. (1792)

The First Oktoberfest was held. The Bavarian royalty invites the citizens of Munich to join the celebration of the marriage of Crown Prince Ludwig of Bavaria to Princess Therese von Sachsen-Hildburghausen. (1810)

Charles Macintosh of Scotland began selling raincoats. (1823)

First women’s medical school, Women’s Medical College of Pennsylvania, opened. (1850)

Self-proclaimed Emperor of the USA, Emperor Norton. issued an edict abolishing the US Congress. (1859)

US Civil War: Confederate ironclad Manassas attacked Union’s Richmond on Mississippi. (1861)

US Civil War: Confederate General Robert E. Lee died. (1870)

US President Grant condemned the Ku Klux Klan. (1871)

US Pledge of Allegiance was first recited in public schools during Columbus Day. (1892)

The first modern submarine was commissioned by the U.S.Navy as the USS Holland. It was named for its designer John Philip Holland. (1900)

President Theodore Roosevelt changed the name of the Executive Mansion to the White House. (1901)

Ford Motor Company under Henry Ford manufactured its 1 millionth Model T automobile. (1915)

WW1: British nurse Edith Cavell was executed by a German firing squad in Brussels for helping Allied soldiers escape from German-occupied Belgium. (1915)

The Cloquet-Moose Lake forest fire raged through Minnesota, killing hundreds of people, and leaving thousands homeless. The fire burned at least 1,500 square miles. (1918)

Hermann Goerner of Germany raises 24 men weighing 4,123 lbs on a plank with soles of his feet. (1927)

Iron Lung was used for the first time at Boston Children’s Hospital. (1928)

WW2: Private First Class Desmond T. Doss was presented the Congressional Medal of Honor for outstanding bravery as a medical corpsman. He was the first conscientious objector in American history to receive the nation’s highest military award. (1945)

Simon Kimbangu died after being imprisoned for years by Belgian authorities in Congo Free State. He had preached a Christian gospel of one God, healed the sick, and alarmed colonial administrators. (1951)

Nikita Khrushchev, Secretary of the USSR, removed his shoe and pounded a table with it in protest against a speech critical of Soviet policy in Eastern Europe. (1960)

The Day of Six Billion was proclaimed when the six billionth living human in the world is born. (1999)

USS Cole was badly damaged in terrorist attack. (2000)

Venezuelan president Hugo Chavez expelled the New Tribes Mission, which he said an imperialist invasion working with the CIA. (2005)

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Today in HisStory – October 11

Earthquake in Aleppo, Syria killed an estimated 230,000. (1138)

John Ziska, a military genius, died of plague after defeating several armies trying to suppress the Bohemian reformation begun by the martyr Jan Hus. (1424)

The Burchardi flood killed about 15,000 in North Friesland, Denmark, and Germany. (1634)

Earthquake killed 300,000 and destroyed half of Calcutta, India. (1737)

A yellow fever epidemic in Philadelphia broke out and killed 100 on this day. By the time it ended, 5,000 people were dead. (1793)

Explorer Meriwether Lewis died under mysterious circumstances at an inn called Grinder’s Stand in Tennessee. (1809)

US Civil War: Slavery was abolished in Maryland. (1864)

US Civil War: US President Andrew Johnson paroled Confederate States Vice-President Alexander H. Stephens. (1865)

Thomas Edison patented his first invention. an electric voice machine. (1868)

Great Chicago Fire was finally extinguished after 3 days. 300 were killed. (1871)

David Houston patented roll film for cameras. (1881)

A Miles patented the elevator. (1887)

Daughters of American Revolution was founded. (1890)

San Francisco Board of Education ordered segregation in separate schools of Japanese, Chinese, and Korean children. This sparked a diplomatic crisis. (1906)

WW1: Edith Cavell, an English nurse in Belgium, was executed by the Germans for aiding the escape of Allied prisoners. (1915)

First woman FBI special investigator, Alaska Davidson, was appointed. (1922)

JC Penney opened Store #1252 in Milford, Delaware. This made it a nationwide company with stores in all 48 U.S. states. (1929)

WW2: Albert Einstein informed US President FDR of the possibilities of an atomic bomb. (1939)

Chinese Civil War began between Kuomintang government led by Chiang Kai-Shek and Mao Zedong’s Communist Party. (1945)

The U.S. Federal Communications Commission issued the first license to broadcast television in color to CBS. (1950)

Second Vatican Council was convened by Pope John XXIII. (1962)

Mao Zedong’s widow Jiang Qing and the Gang of Four were arrested and charged with plotting a coup in Communist China. (1976)

Last hand-cranked telephones US went out of service as 440 telephone customers in Bryant Pond, Maine were switched over to direct-dial. (1983)

US President Ronald Reagan and USSR General Secretary Mikhail Gorbachev opened talks at a summit in Reykjavik, Iceland. (1986)

World’s new longest flight flies from Singapore to Newark Airport, New Jersey took 17 hours 52 mins. (2018)

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Today in HisStory – October 10

Frank leader Charles Martel, outnumbered and against overwhelming odds, won the Islam tours battles to keep Muslims from invading Europe and giving Christianity a chance to evangelize. (732 AD)

Birth of Jacob Arminius, the Dutch theologian from whose writings and doctrines have since been called Arminian. (1560)

John Cotton, American preacher and author, was named a teacher of Boston Church, Massachusetts. (1633)

American Revolutionary War: General William Howe was named commander in chief of the British army in America. (1775)

The Great Hurricane of 1780 slammed the islands of the West Indies. It killed more than 20,000 people. (1780)

First non-Indian settlement in Oklahoma was established. (1802)

Second Great Awakening preacher Charles Finney was saved and had what he called a mighty baptism of the Holy Ghost. The next day, he gave up a career in law to become a preacher. (1821)

US Navel Academy was founded. (1845)

First dinner jacket was worn to the autumn ball at Tuxedo Park, New York. (1886)

African-American inventor Issac R. Johnson patented the bicycle frame. (1899)

Emma Revell Moody, the wife and co-worker of evangelist Dwight L. Moody,  died. She was sometimes called the backbone of his success. (1903)

First synthetic detergent, Dreft by Procter & Gamble, went on sale. (1933)

WW2: 800 Gypsy children were sent to the gas chambers by the Nazis in Auschwitz. (1944)

A fire at the Windscale nuclear plant in Cumbria, England became the world’s first major nuclear accident. (1957)

US President Eisenhower apologized to the finance minister of Ghana, Komla Agbeli Gbdemah, after he was refused service in a restaurant in Dover, Delaware due to Jim Crow laws. (1957)

George Bennard, author of The Old Rugged Cross, died. (1958)

Pan Am began regular flights around the world. (1959)

Vinland Map was introduced by Yale University as being the first known map of America. It was drawn about 1440 by Norse explorer Lief Eriksson. (1965)

US Vice-President Spiro Agnew became the only vice-president to resign in disgrace. He resigned after pleading no contest to tax evasion on the same day. (1973)

The Palestinian hijacking of the Italian cruise ship Achille Lauro ended when U.S. Navy F-14 fighters intercepted an Egyptian airliner. (1985)

Actors Orson Wells and Yul Brynner died (1985)

Ex-postal worker Joseph Harris killed four postal workers. (1991)

Cornerstone dedication for Holocaust Museum took place in New York City. (1996)

Malala Yousafzai & Kailash Satyarthi win the 2014 Nobel Peace Prize for promoting education for girls in Taliban occupied Northern Pakistan. Malala Yousafzai was the youngest recipient of the prize at age 17. (2014)

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Today in HisStory – October 9

Leif Erikson discovered Vinland, reputedly becoming first European to reach North America. It was possibly L’Anse aux Meadows, Canada. (1000)

Robert Grosseteste, a reform-minded English bishop who influenced John Wycliffe and formulated the scientific method, died. (1253)

Rhode Island founder and theologian Roger Williams was banished from the Massachusetts Bay Colony for speaking out against the right of civil authorities to punish religious dissension and to confiscate Indian land. Later he founded Rhode Island on principles of religious freedom. (1635)

David Brainerd died at age twenty-nine of tuberculosis. He had been a missionary to Native Americans in New England. His journal, published by Jonathan Edwards, inspired many readers to become missionaries. (1747)

Mary Webb, wheelchair-bound, organizes fourteen Baptist and Congregational women into the Boston Female Society for Missionary Purposes. (1800)

American inventor Isaac Singer patented the sewing machine motor. (1855)

Washington Monument was opened for public admittance. (1888)

Orthodox reader Basil Ivanovich Katorgin was sentenced to death by Communists of Omsk province for “counter-revolutionary activity.” The sentence was carried out on October 23 when he was shot. (1920)

Yin Renxian and his wife Faith Suyun Ding, who have been reaching out with the gospel to prison inmates and street people, baptized more than twenty prisoners. (1935)

WW2: St. Paul’s Cathedral was bombed during a German raid on London. (1940)

WW2: US President Franklin D. Roosevelt approved an atomic program. This was the beginning of the Manhattan project. (1941)

A landslide in Italy led to the deaths of more than 2,000 people when it caused a sudden and massive wave of water to overwhelm a dam. (1963)

Socialist revolutionary and guerrilla leader Che Guevara was killed by the Bolivian army. (1967)

Andrei Dmitriyevich Sakharov, the Soviet physicist who helped build the USSR’s first hydrogen bomb, was awarded the Nobel Prize for Peace. The Soviet Union would not let him leave the country to accept it. (1975)

Meteorite crashed into Chevy Malibu in Peekskill, New York. (1992)

North Korea allegedly tested its first nuclear device. (2006)

The Egyptian army ran over or shot Christians peacefully protesting the failure of the Muslim government to bring to justice Muslims who have burned Christian churches and attacked Christians. Twenty-seven protesters died. (2011)

Women’s rights and education activist Malala Yousafzai was shot three times by a Taliban gunman as she tried to board her school bus in Swat district of northwest Pakistan. (2012)

Producer Harvey Weinstein was fired from The Weinstein Company after allegations of sexual abuse. (2017)

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Today in HisStory – October 8

The modern Hebrew calendar originated. (3761 BC)

Massachusetts Bay Colony formed its first government. (1633)

In London, Benjamin Keach was hauled before a magistrate and accused of scandalous behavior for printing a Baptist primer for children. (1664)

Patriot and Founding Father John Hancock was born. (1737)

Lawyer Elisha Paine, imprisoned in Windham, Connecticut for preaching illegally, wrote his wife to say he preached on the prison grounds with the result of many people coming under spiritual conviction. (1744)

American Revolutionary War: Officers decided to bar slaves and free blacks from Continental Army. (1775)

Two English boxers were the first to use padded gloves. (1818)

Otto von Bismarck became the Chancellor of the German Empire. (1862)

Jerry McAuley, converted ex-con, opened Water Street Rescue Mission in New York City, the first rescue mission in the US. (1871)

Great Chicago Fire began. It killed 200, destroyed over 4 square miles of Chicago buildings, and destroyed the original copy of the Emancipation Proclamation. (1871)

Dow Jones started reporting an average of selected industrial stocks. (1896)

WW1: Sergeant Alvin York single handedly killed 25 and captured 132 Germans. (1918)

Stan Laurel and Oliver Hardy first appeared as a team in the short silent film, The Second Hundred Years. (1927)

WW2: German troops occupied Romania. (1940)

Comedy duo Abbott and Costello launched their weekly radio show. (1942)

US President Harry Truman announced atomic bomb secret was shared with Britain and Canada. (1945)

Microwave oven was patented. (1945)

Birmingham, Alabama barred Jackie Robinson’s Negro-White All-Stars from playing there. Robinson gave in and dropped white players from his group. (1953)

Soviet spy Jack Sobel was sentenced to 7 years. (1957)

Soviet dissident author Alexander Isayevich Solzhenitsyn won the Nobel Prize for Literature. (1970)

The first North American Congress on the Holy Spirit and World Evangelization opened in New Orleans. It drew 7,000 leaders from 40 denominations and stressed the part which the charismatic experience plays in evangelization. (1986)

U.S. House of Representatives initiated Clinton impeachment inquiry. (1998)

Office of Homeland Security was founded. (2001)

Mrs. Yukiko Sugihara died. She had helped her husband, Chiune Sugihara, rescue thousands of Jews from Lithuania during World War II. (2008)

Wildfires ignited in Northern Californian wine country, killing at least 41 over the next week, with 20,000 evacuated. (2017)

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Today in HisStory – October 7

Jean de Gerson preached a powerful sermon before the King of France, rebuking the treatment of the poor. (1405)

Columbus missed Florida when he changed course. (1492)

Forty foot waves sunk 20,000 small crafts and killed 300,000 near Bengal, India. (1737)

Jonathan Dickinson, the first president of Princeton, died. He was a supporter of the revival movement sweeping America in the mid-eighteenth century. (1747)

American Revolutionary War: George III of Great Britain issued a proclamation closing lands in North America north and west of Alleghenies to white settlement. (1763)

American Revolutionary War: British were defeated by American militia near Kings Mountain, South Carolina. (1780)

Carbon paper was patented in London by inventor Ralph Wedgwood. (1806)

Cyrus Chambers Jr patented the folding machine that folds book and newspapers. (1856)

Evangelist and theologian Spurgeon preaches to his largest congregation ever, more than twenty-three thousand, at the Crystal Palace. (1857)

Lottie Moon arrived in China as a missionary. (1863)

Henry Ford instituted a moving assembly line. (1913)

KLM, Royal Dutch Airlines, was established. It’s the oldest existing airline. (1919)

WW2: The McCollum Memo proposed bringing the U.S. into the war in Europe by provoking the Japanese to attack the United States. (1940)

WW2: In the Uprising at Auschwitz-Birkenau Concentration Camp, Jews burned down crematoriums. (1944)

US Korean War: US forces invaded Korea by crossing 38th parallel. (1950)

American Bandstand debuted with Dick Clark. (1952)

Far side of Moon was seen for the first time because of the USSR’s Luna 3 Space Probe. (1959)

Motion Picture Association of America adopted a film rating system. (1968)

Israel began handing out gas masks to its citizens. (1990)

War on Terror: U.S. invasion of Afghanistan began. (2001)

Nobel prize in Chemistry was awarded to Tomas Lindahl, Paul Modrich, and Aziz Sancar for work on cells DNA repair. (2015)

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Today in HisStory – October 6

William Tyndale was burned at the stake after being strangled by his executioner for translating the Bible into English. His last words were “Lord, open the king of England’s eyes.” Two years later, King Henry VIII ordered the Bible was to be used in every parish in the land. (1536)

First Mennonites in US arrived in Philadelphia. (1683)

Benjamin Hanks patented the self-winding clock. (1783)

Jane Eyre by Charlotte Bronte was published. (1847)

13 Martyrs of Arad were executed after the Hungarian War of Independence. (1849)

Revolt of Russian student shut down University of Petersburg. (1861)

Reno Brothers carried out the first US train robbery. (1866)

Thomas Edison showed his first motion picture. (1889)

Nabisco Foods invented Cream of Wheat. (1893)

Phineas Bresee and his close friend J.P. Widney started a new holiness movement. Two weeks later, they named it the Nazarene Church. (1895)

The Jazz Singer starring Al Jolson became the first movie with sound. (1927)

Ivan Prokhanov, a mighty Russian evangelist, died. He was president of the All Russian Union of Evangelical Christians. (1935)

WW2: Hitler announced plans to regulate the Jewish problem. (1939)

WW2: Japanese executed 100 US POWs on Wake Island. (1943)

Tavern owner “Billy Goat” Sianis bought a seat for his goat for Game 4 of Baseball World Series. As he was escorted out, he cast a goat curse on Chicago Cubs. (1945)

US President Harry Truman signed the Mutual Defense Assistance Act for NATO. (1949)

Stalin proclaimed USSR has atom bomb. (1951)

Jesse Overholtzer, founder of Child Evangelism Fellowship, died. (1955)

Dr. Albert Sabin discovered oral polio vaccine. (1956)

US President John F. Kennedy advised American families to build bomb shelters to protect them from atomic fallout. (1961)

Yom Kippur War, six day war, began as Syria & Egypt attacked Israel. (1973)

Islamic extremists assassinated Anwar Sadat, the president of Egypt. (1981)

51 Pegasi discovered as the first major star, apart from the Sun, to have a planet orbiting around it (1995)

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