Today in HisStory – July 6

Richard the Lionheart was crowned King of England. (1189)

Pope Clement VI issued a Papal Bull during the Black Death stating Jews not to blame and urging their protection. (1348)

Czech reformer Jan Hus was martyred by being burned at the stake. He was condemned for heresy because of his outspoken appeals for church reform and for political and religious rights for the common people. (1416)

A retrial verdict acquitted Joan of Arc of heresy 25 years after her death. (1456)

English Catholic theologian Thomas More was beheaded for refusing to recognize Henry VIII as supreme head of the Church of England. (1535)

Protestant King Edward VI of England died, which results in the declaration of Lady Jane Grey as queen, a position she held only a few days before the Catholic Mary Tudor ascended the throne. (1553)

England and Scotland signed the Treaty of Edinburgh. (1560)

Colonial American Bishop William McKendree was born. He was ordained the first American-born bishop of the Methodist Episcopal Church. (1757)

American Revolutionary War: Congress issued Declaration of the Causes & Necessity of Taking up Arms listing grievances but denying intent to be independent. (1775)

American Revolutionary War: Declaration of Independence was announced publicly for the first time on front page of Pennsylvania Evening Gazette. (1776)

Congress unanimously resolved US currency named “dollar” and adopted decimal coinage. (1785)

US law made illegal aliens “liable to be apprehended, restrained, … and removed as alien enemies.” (1798)

Bible Scholar Granville Sharp died. He had contested slavery and won an important ruling that no person could remain a slave upon English soil. (1813)

Mexican-American War:  The Treaty of Guadaloupe Hidalgo was signed ending the war. (1848)

National Black convention met in Rochester, New York. Abolitionist and ex-slave Fredrick Douglas attended. (1853)

William Wells Brown published Clotel. It was the first novel authored by an African American. (1853)

James Stewart sailed from Southhampton, England, to South Africa on the Celt. In South Africa he founded an important training center for African Christians. (1861)

Louis Pasteur successfully tested an anti-rabies vaccine. (1885)

Cleveland sent 2,000 troops to Chicago to suppress Pullman strike, a nationwide railroad strike. (1894)

US Senate annexed Hawaii making it a US territory. (1898)

Harold J. Ockenga, founder Fuller Theological Seminary in California, was born. (1906)

The Central Executive Committee accepted the Treaty of Union, and the Russian Empire became the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. (1923)

The first all-talking motion picture was shown in New York. It was Lights of New York. It was so successful that within a year, Hollywood only made talking pictures. The silent movie era died away. (1928)

Worlds largest record hailstone fell in Potter, Nebraska. It was 1.5 lbs. and 7 inches in diameter. (1928)

WW2: German Nazis closed the last Jewish enterprises. (1939)

WW2: Anne Frank’s family went into hiding in After House, Amsterdam. (1942)

WW2: Georges Mandel, French journalist and resistance leader, was executed by the Nazis. (1944)

World’s largest circus tent caught fire at Ringling Brother’s – Barnum & Bailey second performance in Hartford, Connecticut. 168 died, and over 700 were injured. Many of them were children. To this day, nobody knows what started the fire. (1944)

Nicaragua became the first nation to ratify the Charter of the United Nations. (1945)

Abbott and Costello’s film The Naughty Nineties was released. It featured the longest version of their “Who’s on First” routine. (1945)

US President Harry Truman signed an executive order establishing Medal of Freedom to be awarded to civilians. (1945)

California passed the first “no fault” divorce law. (1970)

70-meter Euphoria Planetary Radar sent a METI message, Cosmic Call 2, to five stars: Hip 4872, HD 245409, 55 Cancri, HD 10307 and 47 Ursae Majoris. The message will arrive in 2036, 2040, 2044, 2044 and 2049 respectively. (2003)

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About Tamera Lynn Kraft

Tamera Lynn Kraft has always loved adventures and writes Christian historical fiction set in America because there are so many adventures in American history. She is married to the love of her life, has two grown children, and lives in Akron, Ohio. Soldier’s Heart and A Christmas Promise are two of her historical novellas that have been published. She has received 2nd place in the NOCW contest, 3rd place TARA writer’s contest, and is a finalist in the Frasier Writing Contest.
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