Today in HisStory August 23

Mount Vesuvius began stirring on feast day of Vulcan, Roman god of fire. The next day, it destroyed Pompeii. (79 AD)

William Wallace, Scottish patriot, was executed for high treason by Edward I of England. (1305)

St. Bartholomew’s Day Massacre of Protestants by Roman Catholics begins in the late hours of the evening in Paris and later spreads to the French provinces (1572)

First one-way streets opened in London. (1617)

Increase Mather, one of America’s most famous eighteenth-century clergymen, a president of Harvard College, and the father of Cotton Mather, died. Mather had published many books, including Cases of Conscience Concerning Witchcraft, which helped end executions for witchcraft in New England. (1723)

Carl Gutzlaff and Jacob Tomlin became the first Protestant missionaries to set foot in Thailand. (1728)

Eastern Tennessee settlers declared their area an independent state called Franklin. (1784)

African Methodist Episcopal Church was incorporated. (1796)

War of 1812: First Lady Dolley Madison saved a portrait of George Washington and other important art work in the White House from the British before they march into Washington DC. (1814)

Mexico declared independence. (1821)

The first class graduated from Mt. Holyoke Seminary, the first American college for women, founded by the Christian educator Mary Lyon. (1838)

Gideon Blackburn, missionary to the Cherokee and an evangelist and church planter in other frontier states including Tennessee, died. (1838)

British captured Hong Kong from China. (1839)

First US National Women’s Rights Convention convened in Worcester, Massachusetts. (1850)

US Civil War: Confederate spy Rose O’Neal Greenhow was arrested by Allan Pinkerton. (1861)

Texas Rangers arrested outlaw and killer John Wesley Hardin who once shot a man for snoring. (1877)

Fannie Farmer opened a cooking school changing forever the way women cook. (1902)

Patent for first tire chain was issued. (1904)

WW1: British Prime Minister H. H. Asquith held secret meeting about British strategy in case of war with Germany. (1911)

WW1: In the Battle of Mons, General Alexander von Kluck’s troops forced a British withdrawal. (1914)

WW1: German troops plundered Belgium. Gen von Hausen executed 612 inhabitants in the city of Dinant, (1914)

WW1: Japan declared war on Germany. (1914)

WW1: Tsar Nicolaas II took control of the Russian Army. (1915)

Soviets executed Ephraim, the Orthodox bishop of Selenginsk. He had been a fiery preacher, beloved of his people, and had converted Mongols, Buryats, and Koreans to Christianity. (1918)

WW1: Austria and the US formally ended the war. The US did the same with Germany on the 25th, and Hungary on the 29th. (1921)

Mars made its closest approach to Earth since 10th century. (1924)

Rudolph Valentino, silent screen idol, died at the age of 31 from a ruptured ulcer. (1926)

WW2: Hitler-Stalin pact was made between Germany and USSR allies. (1939)

WW2: Last cavalry charge in history took place at Isbushenskij, Russia when Savoia Cavalleria charged the Soviet infantry. (1942)

In the Battle of Stalingrad, 600 Luftwaffe planes bombed Stalingrad. 40,000 died. (1942)

Allied troops captured Marseille, France. General George Leclerc’s troops advanced toward Paris. (1944)

East Germany imposed new curbs on travel between West and East Berlin. (1961)

In China, Red Guards smashed the windows of Moore Memorial Church, burned its books, burned its cross, and confined church leader Sun Yanli and his family in the building where they interrogated and whipped them. Later, when they are released, the guards shaved Sun’s head and made him sweep and clean the church buildings. (1966)

Russian ballet star Aleksandr Godunov became the first dancer to defect to the United States. (1979)

East and West Germany announced they would unite on Oct 3. (1990)

Osama bin Laden issued a message entitled A declaration of war against the Americans occupying the land of the two holy places. (1996)

New York City declared the first cases of West Nile virus. (1999)

Hurricane Katrina first formed over the Bahamas. Later, it became a category 5 hurricane. (2005)

12 year old boy tripped and ripped the 17th-century painting “Flowers” by Paolo Porpora worth $1.5m at exhibition in Taiwan. (2015)

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About Tamera Lynn Kraft

Tamera Lynn Kraft has always loved adventures and writes Christian historical fiction set in America because there are so many adventures in American history. She is married to the love of her life, has two grown children, and lives in Akron, Ohio. Soldier’s Heart and A Christmas Promise are two of her historical novellas that have been published. She has received 2nd place in the NOCW contest, 3rd place TARA writer’s contest, and is a finalist in the Frasier Writing Contest.
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