Today in HisStory – September 3

San Marino, one of the smallest nations in the world and the world’s oldest republic still in existence, was founded by Saint Marinus. (301 AD)

Richard the Lionheart was crowned king of England in Westminster. 30 Jews were massacred after the coronation. King Richard ordered the perpetrators be executed. (1189)

Oliver Cromwell, the Lord Protector of England, died. A Presbyterian, he had made a strong profession of faith early in life. (1685)

King William’s War in America ended with Treaty of Ryswick. (1697)

First major group of Swiss/German colonists reached Carolinas. (1709)

Great Britain, including Scotland, Ireland, Wales and the American colonies, officially implemented the Gregorian Calendar with no September 3-13 that year. People rioted thinking the government stole 11 days of their lives. (1752)

American Revolutionary War: US flag was flown for first time in battle at Cooch’s Bridge, Delaware. (1777)

American Revolutionary War: Treaty of Paris was signed in Paris by the United States and Great Britain. It ended the war. (1783)

French Revolution: French Constitution was passed by the French National Assembly. (1791)

World’s first cannery opened in London, England to supply food to the Royal Navy. (1812)

Frederick Douglas escaped from slavery disguised as a sailor. (1838)

Indian Wars: In Nebraska, 700 soldiers under American General William S. Harney avenged the Grattan Massacre by attacking a Sioux village. They killed 100 men, women, and children. (1855)

US Civil War: Confederate forces entered Kentucky, thus ending its neutrality. (1861)

First pro football game was played. Latrobe beat Jeanette 12-0 in Pennsylvania. (1865)

US President Woodrow Wilson signed the Adamson Act, providing an 8-hour day on interstate railroads and preventing a national railroad strike. (1916)

WW1: First night bombing of London by German aircraft took place. (1917)

WW1: 5 soldiers were hanged for alleged participation in Houston riot. It was also known as the Camp Logan riot. In all 19 mutineers were executed. (1918)

WW1: Allies forced Germans back across Hindenburg Line. (1918)

The airship USS Shenandoah crashed in a storm near Caldwell, Ohio, killing 14. 29 survived. (1925)

Dow Jones Industrial Average reached an all time high of 381.17. It would be shortly followed by the Crash of 1929. (1929)

Evangeline Cory Booth became the first woman general of the Salvation Army. (1934)

WW2: 1940 Olympic site was changed from Tokyo, Japan to Helsinki, Finland. The 1940 Olympics would not take place because of the war. (1938)

WW2: German submarine U-30, commanded by Oberleutnant Fritz-Julius Lemp, sunk British passenger ship SS Athenia. 117 people died, among them 28 Americans. (1939)

WW2: Britain declared war on Germany after the invasion of Poland. France followed six hours later quickly joined by Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, and Canada. (1939)

WW2: Hitler ordered the invasion in England on Sept 21. It was known as Operation Sealion. (1940)

WW2: 68th and last transport of Dutch Jews ,including Anne Frank, left for Auschwitz concentration camp. (1944)

WW2: Japanese forces in Philippines surrendered to Allies. (1945)

Espionage and Sabotage Act of 1954 was signed in the US. It was prompted by the Cold War (1954)

US Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy resigned from the Johnson White House. (1964)

Wilderness Act was signed into law by President Lyndon B. Johnson. (1964)

Watergate burglars broke into Daniel Ellsberg’s doctor’s office in the middle of the night. (1971)

Rowan County Kentucky Clerk was jailed for refusing to issue marriage licences to gay couples. (2015)

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About Tamera Lynn Kraft

Tamera Lynn Kraft has always loved adventures and writes Christian historical fiction set in America because there are so many adventures in American history. She is married to the love of her life, has two grown children, and lives in Akron, Ohio. Soldier’s Heart and A Christmas Promise are two of her historical novellas that have been published. She has received 2nd place in the NOCW contest, 3rd place TARA writer’s contest, and is a finalist in the Frasier Writing Contest.
This entry was posted in 09 September, AD 0301, AD 1189, AD 1685, AD 1697, AD 1709, AD 1752, AD 1777, AD 1783, AD 1791, AD 1812, AD 1838, AD 1855, AD 1861, AD 1865, AD 1916, AD 1917, AD 1918, AD 1925, AD 1929, AD 1934, AD 1938, AD 1939, AD 1940, AD 1944, AD 1945, AD 1954, AD 1964, AD 1971, AD 2015, Date, Year. Bookmark the permalink.

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