Today in HisStory – January 3

Joan of Arc was handed over to Bishop Pierre Cauchon. (1431)

Leonardo da Vinci unsuccessfully tested a flying machine. (1496)

Martin Luther was excommunicated from the Catholic Church. (1521)

Shogunate warriors defeated Christian and peasant rebels who retreated to Shimabara where they captured the fortress at Hara. After the rebellion, Christianity would be outlawed in Japan. (1638)

The Coonan Cross Oath is taken in the Saint Thomas Christian community in an effort to avoid submission to Portuguese rule in India. (1653)

Benning Wentworth issued the first of the New Hampshire Grants which led to the establishment of Vermont. (1749)

American Revolutionary War: General George Washington’s army defeated British forces at Battle of Princeton, New Jersey. (1777)

Stephen F. Austin received a grant of land in Texas from the government of Mexico. (1823)

Scottish factory owner Robert Owen bought 30,000 acres in Indiana to establish a utopian community called New Harmony. (1825)

First US building and loan association was organized in Frankford, Pennsylvania. (1831)

The government of Mexico imprisoned Stephen F. Austin in Mexico City. (1834)

First deep sea sounding was discovered by James Clark Ross in south Atlantic at 2425 fathoms. (1840)

Charles Dickens and his wife Catherine left Liverpool, England for America on board the RMS Britannia. (1842)

Solomon Northup was freed after seven illegal years in slavery with the aid of Washington Hunt, Governor of New York. (1853)

US Civil War: Delaware legislature rejected a proposal to join Confederacy. (1861)

Construction began on Brooklyn Bridge in New York. (1870)

First patent list was issued by US Patent Office. (1872)

First wax drinking straw were patented by Marvin C Stone in Washington, D.C. (1888)

German philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche suffered a mental breakdown after supposedly witnessing a horse flogging. (1889)

J.R.R. Tolkien, author of the Lord of the Rings trilogy, was born. (1892)

The first known use of the word automobile, was seen in an editorial in The New York Times. (1899)

Southern Pacific RR offered to bring the Liberty Bell to the Panama-Pacific Exposition in San Francisco for free. (1912)

WW2: Benito Mussolini dissolved the Italian parliament and became a dictator. (1925)

African zealots, who insisted on female circumcision, murdered elderly missionary Hilda Stumpf of the Africa Inland Mission and multilated her body. (1930)

Soviets sentenced several nuns to exile in the north: Theodora, Anna, Darya, Anysia, and Agrippina. They were never heard from again. (1930)

WW2: 320 pastors of the German Confessing Church met to draw up a statement opposing the Nazi German Nationalist Church. (1934)

March of Dimes was established to fight polio. (1938)

WW2: Top Ace Major Greg “Pappy” Boyington was shot down in his Corsair by Captain Masajiro Kawato flying a Zero. (1944)

As a reward for his wartime cooperation, New York Governor Thomas E. Dewey commuted Charles “Lucky” Luciano’s pandering sentence on condition that he did not resist deportation to Italy. (1946)

Alaska was admitted as the 49th US state. (1959)

US President Dwight D. Eisenhower closes the American embassy in Havana and severs diplomatic relations to Cuba. (1961)

A band of persecuted Russian Pentecostal Christians, led by Paul Vashchenko, overwhelmed the policeman at the gates of the American embassy and entered. (1963)

Apple Computer, Inc. was incorporated. (1977)

Margaret Thatcher became the longest-serving British PM the twentieth century. (1988)

General Manuel Antonio Noriega, after holing up for 10 days at the Vatican embassy in Panama City, surrendered to U.S. military troops to face drug trafficking charges. (1990)

Start II Arms Reduction Treaty was signed by US President George H. W. Bush and Russian Prime Minister Boris Yeltsin. (1993)

After three days of high winds and heavy snow, people in the Great Lakes region begin digging out from one of the worst blizzards on record. More than 100 people died in storm-related accidents. (1999)

About Tamera Lynn Kraft

Tamera Lynn Kraft has always loved adventures and writes Christian historical fiction set in America because there are so many adventures in American history. She is married to the love of her life, has two grown children, and lives in Akron, Ohio. Soldier’s Heart and A Christmas Promise are two of her historical novellas that have been published. She has received 2nd place in the NOCW contest, 3rd place TARA writer’s contest, and is a finalist in the Frasier Writing Contest.
This entry was posted in 01 January, AD 1431, AD 1496, AD 1521, AD 1638, AD 1653, AD 1749, AD 1777, AD 1823, AD 1825, AD 1831, AD 1834, AD 1840, AD 1842, AD 1853, AD 1861, AD 1870, AD 1872, AD 1888, AD 1889, AD 1892, AD 1899, AD 1912, AD 1925, AD 1930, AD 1934, AD 1938, AD 1944, AD 1946, AD 1959, AD 1961, AD 1963, AD 1977, AD 1988, AD 1990, AD 1993, AD 1999, Date, Year. Bookmark the permalink.

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