Today in HisStory – June 20

Archbishop John Chrysostom, whose reforms fought against abuses in the church, left Constantinople under arrest, never to return. (404 AD)

The University of Oxford received its charter. (1214)

Clement VII and Holy Roman Emperor Charles V signed the Peace of Barcelona which ended attacks on Rome by the Lutheran armies. (1529)

The Synod of Diamper reunited a native church in India established by the Apostle Thomas with Rome. (1599)

In the Black Hole of Calcutta, 146 British soldiers were imprisoned in small dungeon in Calcutta, India where most died. (1756)

Congress approved the Great Seal of the United States of America and the bald eagle as its symbols. (1782)

Oliver Ellsworth moved at the Federal Convention to call the government the United States. (1787)

French Revolution: King Louis XVI was caught while trying to escape. (1791)

320 ton Savannah, first steamship to cross any ocean, crossed the Atlantic. (1819)

Queen Victoria at 18 ascended the British throne following death of her uncle, King William IV. (1837)

Samuel Morse patented the telegraph. (1840)

US Civil War: West Virginia seceded from Virginia and was admitted as the 35th US State. (1863)

US President Andrew Johnson announced the purchase of Alaska. (1867)

Flu Klux Klan trials began in Mississippi. (1871)

Samuel Robbins Brown, one of the first missionaries to Japan, died. (1880)

A band of Moravian missionaries landed on the shores of Alaska and founded the Bethel Mission. (1885)

Lizzie Borden was acquitted of the ax murders of her father and stepmother in Fall River, Massachusetts. (1893)

Caroline Willard Baldwin was the first female to earn a PhD from an American University. She received it in Science at Cornell University. (1895)

National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, NAACP, incorporated in New York. (1911)

WW1: In the Treaty of Versailles, Germany ended the incorporation of Austria. (1919)

Minnie Kennedy, mother of Aimee Semple McPherson, tried to end speculation about the evangelist’s sudden disapperance by holding a memorial service for her at Angelus Temple. Three days later McPherson reappeared with a tale of having been kidnapped. (1926)

John Dillinger was named America’s first Public Enemy Number One. (1934)

WW2: Adolf Eichmann ordered deportation of Dutch Jews. (1942)

WW2: Nazis began mass extermination of Jews at Auschwitz. (1944)

WW2: Congress chartered the Central Intelligence Agency, then known as the Central Intelligence Group. (1944)

WW2: The United States Secretary of State approved the transfer of Wernher von Braun and his team of Nazi rocket scientists to America. (1945)

Central Intelligence Agency Act was passed. (1949)

Jaws, based on the book by Peter Benchley, was released. It was directed by Steven Spielberg and starred Roy Schneider. (1975)

Traian Dorz, a Romanian poet who served as leader of the Orthodox revival movement known as The Lord’s Army, died. During his life, he had suffered imprisonment, harrassment, and restriction by the Communist government and hostile church authorities. (1989)

Militant Muslims gunned down two Christian businessmen at Dairut, Assiut and sprayed responding police officers with machine gun fire, killing two. (1992)

English mathematician Andrew Wiles proved the last theorem of Fermat. (1993)

Heat wave peaked in southern Pakistan. It killed around 2,000 people from dehydration and heat stroke. (2015)

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About Tamera Lynn Kraft

Tamera Lynn Kraft has always loved adventures and writes Christian historical fiction set in America because there are so many adventures in American history. She is married to the love of her life, has two grown children, and lives in Akron, Ohio. Soldier’s Heart and A Christmas Promise are two of her historical novellas that have been published. She has received 2nd place in the NOCW contest, 3rd place TARA writer’s contest, and is a finalist in the Frasier Writing Contest.
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