Today in HisStory – July 9

Stephen Langton died. He was the Archbishop of Canterbury who formulated the original division of the Bible into chapters. (1228)

Lady Jane Grey was proclaimed queen of England, but only served nine days before being disposed. She succeeded Edward VI, son of Henry VIII, who proclaimed his half-sisters were illegitimate. (1553)

Moravian missionary Georg Schmidt was the first protestant missionary to arrive in South Africa. (1737)

American Revolutionary War: Boston preacher Jonathan Mayhew died. In his support for personal liberty, he opposed the unpopular Stamp Act imposed by Britain on the colonies, apparently coining the slogan, “No taxation without representation.” (1766)

Michael Paknanas was beheaded at the site of the ancient temple of Olympian Zeus because of his refusal to deny Christianity and embrace Islam. (1771)

American Revolutionary War: Declaration of Independence was read to George Washington’s troops in New York. (1776)

Napoleon annexed the Kingdom of Holland as part of the First French Empire. (1810)

First natural gas well in US was discovered. (1815)

Corncob pipe, made from small corn kernels, was invented. (1869)

First ever Wimbledon tennis championship began. (1877)

Daniel Williams performed the first successful open heart surgery without anesthesia. (1893)

William Cameron Townsend was born. He was an American missionary and linguist who established Wycliffe Bible Translators. (1896)

WW1: British battleship HMS Vanguard exploded at Scapa Flow killing 804. The explosion was the result of an internal explosion of faulty cordite. (1917)

101 were killed and 171 were injured in worst US train wreck in history. It happened in Nashville, Tennessee. (1918)

WW2: SS Reichsfuehrer Heinrich Himmler took command of German Concentration Camps. (1934)

WW2: German Evangelist Church, the Confessing Church, protested against euthanasia pogroms. (1940)

WW2: US President Harry Truman asked Congress to formally end the state of war with Germany. (1951)

Dick Clark first hosted American Bandstand. (1956)

Henry Kissinger visited the People’s Republic of China to negotiate a detente between the US and China. (1971)

Seven people died in a stampede trying to get in to see Pope John Paul II in a soccer stadium in Fortaleza, Brazil. (1980)

Michael Fagan broke into Buckingham Palace and entered the Queen’s bedroom in Buckingham Palace, London. (1982)

Attorney General’s Commission on pornography linked hard-core porn to sex crimes. (1986)

Days of student protests began after Iranian police and hardliners attacked a student dormitory at the University of Tehran. (1999)

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Today in HisStory – July 8

In the First Crusade, 15,000 starving Christian soldiers marched in religious procession around Jerusalem as its Muslim defenders look on. (1099)

Following the restoration of the English monarchy, Charles II issued a new charter to the American colony of Rhode Island guaranteeing freedom of religion. (1663)

New York City authorized wearing police uniforms. They were the first in the American colonies to do so. (1693)

During the first Great Awakening, Jonathan Edwards preached Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God. It so convicted the congregation that some held onto pillars afraid they might go to Hell before having a chance to repent. (1741)

American Revolutionary War: Liberty Bell summoned people. Colonel John Nixon gave the first public reading of Decaration of Independence in Philadelphia. (1776)

American Revolutionary War: Vermont introduced a new constitution making it the first US state to abolish slavery. (1777)

American Revolutionary War: George Washington headquartered at West Point for his Continental Army. (1778)

US State Department issued the first US passport. (1796)

Dr Benjamin Waterhouse gave the first cowpox vaccination in the US to his son to prevent smallpox. (1800)

Liberty Bell cracked again. (1835)

American Psychological Association was organized. (1892)

The shooting death of crime boss Soapy Smith released Skagway, Alaska from his iron grip. (1898)

Alfred Carlton Gilbert’s patent for the Erector Set was issued. It became one of the most popular toys of all time. (1913)

WW1: The Germans replied to US President Woodrow Wilson’s second Lusitania note by saying that Americans may sail on clearly marked neutral ships, but Germany did not deal with Wilson’s other demands. (1915)

WW1: Earnest Hemmingway was injured in battle. (1918)

Dow Jones Industrial Average hit a low point of 41.22 during the Depression. (1932)

WW2: After a month in America, Dietrich Bonhoeffer departed for Germany. He wrote to  Reinhold Niebuhr, “I have made a mistake in coming to America. I must live through this difficult period of our national history with the Christian people of Germany. I will have no right to participate in the reconstruction of Christian life in Germany after the war if I do not share the trials of this time with my people.” (1939)

WW2: All Jews living in Baltic States were ordered by the Nazis to wear a Jewish Star. (1941)

Reports were broadcast that a UFO crash landed in Roswell, New Mexico. (1947)

Korean War: General Douglas MacArthur was named commander-in-chief of UN forces in Korea. (1950)

Paris celebrated its 2,000th birthday. (1951)

US banned all monetary transactions with Cuba. (1963)

Vietnam War: US troop withdrawal began in Vietnam. (1969)

Space Shuttle Atlantis was launched in the final mission of the U.S. Space Shuttle program. (2011)

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Today in HisStory – July 7

Procopius of Sycthopolis was martyred as the first of the Palestine victims in the Diocletian persecutions. (303 AD)

At the Battle of Otumba, Mexico, Hernán Cortés and the Tlaxcalans defeated a numerically superior Aztec force. (1520)

First known exchange took place between Europeans and North American natives at the Gulf of St. Lawrence, in New Brunswick. (1534)

Chocolate was first introduced to Europe. (1550)

British Museum was founded by an Act of Parliament. (1753)

First comic book The Wasp was published. (1802)

The cornerstone is laid for the United States’ first Catholic cathedral, the Cathedral of the Assumption. (1806)

Walter Scott arrived in New York from Scotland. He became a leader and educator in the growing Stone-Campbell Restoration Movement. (1818)

US annexed California. (1846)

US Civil War: US President Abraham Lincoln initiated the first military draft by the US. A man could be exempted by paying $100. (1863)

US Civil War: Orders barring Jews from serving under US General Ulysses S. Grant were revoked. (1863)

Sliced bread was sold for the first time by the Chillicothe Baking Company. It was described as the greatest forward step in the baking industry since bread was wrapped. (1928)

Construction began on Boulder Dam, now known as Hoover Dam. (1930)

WW2: Nazis executed 5,000 Jews in Kovono, Lithuania. (1941)

George Washington Truett died. He had pastored the largest Baptist church in the world—the First Baptist Church of Dallas. (1944)

Alleged and disputed Roswell UFO incident may have occurred. (1947)

Six female reservists became the first women sworn into the regular US Navy. (1948)

Korean War: UN Security Council established the United Nations Command to combat North Korean forces. (1950)

First women FBI members were sworn in. (1972)

Sandra Day O’Connor became the first woman nominated for the US Supreme Court. (1981)

First Three Tenors concert featured Plácido Domingo, José Carreras and Luciano Pavarotti at Baths of Caracalla in Rome. The recording of it is still the world’s best-selling classical record. (1990)

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Today in HisStory – July 6

Richard the Lionheart was crowned King of England. (1189)

Pope Clement VI issued a Papal Bull during the Black Death stating Jews not to blame and urging their protection. (1348)

Czech reformer Jan Hus was martyred by being burned at the stake. He was condemned for heresy because of his outspoken appeals for church reform and for political and religious rights for the common people. (1416)

A retrial verdict acquitted Joan of Arc of heresy 25 years after her death. (1456)

English Catholic theologian Thomas More was beheaded for refusing to recognize Henry VIII as supreme head of the Church of England. (1535)

Protestant King Edward VI of England died, which results in the declaration of Lady Jane Grey as queen, a position she held only a few days before the Catholic Mary Tudor ascended the throne. (1553)

England and Scotland signed the Treaty of Edinburgh. (1560)

Colonial American Bishop William McKendree was born. He was ordained the first American-born bishop of the Methodist Episcopal Church. (1757)

American Revolutionary War: Congress issued Declaration of the Causes & Necessity of Taking up Arms listing grievances but denying intent to be independent. (1775)

American Revolutionary War: Declaration of Independence was announced publicly for the first time on front page of Pennsylvania Evening Gazette. (1776)

Congress unanimously resolved US currency named “dollar” and adopted decimal coinage. (1785)

US law made illegal aliens “liable to be apprehended, restrained, … and removed as alien enemies.” (1798)

Bible Scholar Granville Sharp died. He had contested slavery and won an important ruling that no person could remain a slave upon English soil. (1813)

Mexican-American War:  The Treaty of Guadaloupe Hidalgo was signed ending the war. (1848)

National Black convention met in Rochester, New York. Abolitionist and ex-slave Fredrick Douglas attended. (1853)

William Wells Brown published Clotel. It was the first novel authored by an African American. (1853)

James Stewart sailed from Southhampton, England, to South Africa on the Celt. In South Africa he founded an important training center for African Christians. (1861)

Louis Pasteur successfully tested an anti-rabies vaccine. (1885)

Cleveland sent 2,000 troops to Chicago to suppress Pullman strike, a nationwide railroad strike. (1894)

US Senate annexed Hawaii making it a US territory. (1898)

Harold J. Ockenga, founder Fuller Theological Seminary in California, was born. (1906)

The Central Executive Committee accepted the Treaty of Union, and the Russian Empire became the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. (1923)

The first all-talking motion picture was shown in New York. It was Lights of New York. It was so successful that within a year, Hollywood only made talking pictures. The silent movie era died away. (1928)

Worlds largest record hailstone fell in Potter, Nebraska. It was 1.5 lbs. and 7 inches in diameter. (1928)

WW2: German Nazis closed the last Jewish enterprises. (1939)

WW2: Anne Frank’s family went into hiding in After House, Amsterdam. (1942)

WW2: Georges Mandel, French journalist and resistance leader, was executed by the Nazis. (1944)

World’s largest circus tent caught fire at Ringling Brother’s – Barnum & Bailey second performance in Hartford, Connecticut. 168 died, and over 700 were injured. Many of them were children. To this day, nobody knows what started the fire. (1944)

Nicaragua became the first nation to ratify the Charter of the United Nations. (1945)

Abbott and Costello’s film The Naughty Nineties was released. It featured the longest version of their “Who’s on First” routine. (1945)

US President Harry Truman signed an executive order establishing Medal of Freedom to be awarded to civilians. (1945)

California passed the first “no fault” divorce law. (1970)

70-meter Euphoria Planetary Radar sent a METI message, Cosmic Call 2, to five stars: Hip 4872, HD 245409, 55 Cancri, HD 10307 and 47 Ursae Majoris. The message will arrive in 2036, 2040, 2044, 2044 and 2049 respectively. (2003)

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Today in HisStory – July 5

A tornado was first recorded in an American colony. (1643)

Isaac Newton’s great work Principia was published by Royal Society in England. It outlined his laws of motion and universal gravitation. (1687)

American Revolutionary War: Second Continental Congress drafted the Olive Branch Petition to King George III. It was rejected, and in August, the king declared the colonies to be in rebellion. (1775)

War of 1812: Three weeks of British raids on Fort Schlosser, Black Rock, and Plattsburgh, New York began. (1813)

Frederick Douglass, a fugitive slave, delivered his What to the Slave Is the Fourth of July? speech to the Ladies’ Anti-Slavery Society in Rochester, New York. He condemned the celebration as a hypocritical sham while slavery still existed. (1852)

Salvation Army was founded. (1865)

US Secret Service began operating under the US Treasury Department. (1865)

Charles Pean, a Salvation Army worker, sailed as a misisionary to notorious Devil’s Island. (1928)

Spam, the luncheon meat, was introduced into the market by the Hormel Foods Corporation. It became a staple during World War 2. (1937)

WW2: Liberation of the Philippines was declared. (1945)

Bikini  was introduced at a Paris fashion show. (1946)

Law of Return was passed. It guarantees all Jews right to live in Israel. (1950)

US Korean War: Private Kenneth Shadrick, a 19-year-old infantryman from Skin Fork, West Virginia, became the first American reported killed in the war. (1950)

26th amendment to the US constitution was certified. It reduced the voting age to 18. (1971)

US Supreme Court weakened the 70-year-old exclusionary rule. Evidence seized with defective court warrants can now be used in criminal trials. (1984)

Nancy Reagan cut a red, white, and blue ribbon to reopen Statue of Liberty after refurbishment. (1986)

Amazon.com was founded in Bellevue, Washington by Jeff Bezos. (1994)

Unidentified opponents beheaded Rev. Pau Za Khen, a sixty-two-year-old Lutheran pastor, in northeastern India’s Manipur. (2007)

FBI released a report stating Hillary Clinton”extremely careless” in handling classified emails but don’t recommend prosecuting. (2016)

Shootout between drug cartels in Las Varas, Northern Mexico killed 14. (2017)

101 people were reported shot, 15 killed in Chicago, Illinois, over 4th July weekend. (2017)

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Today in HisStory – July 4

The Roman Senate proclaimed Christian fifteen-year-old Pulcheria the Augusta Empress. (414 AD)

Brightest known supernova SN 1054 created the Crab Nebula. This was first reported by Chinese astronomers. (1054)

Saladin defeated Christians in Palestine at the Battle of Hattin. (1187)

John Frith, an associate of William Tyndale, was martyred by being burned at the stake in England. He was accused of heresy by King Henry VIII for translating parts of the Bible into English. (1533)

City of Providence, Rhode Island was formed. (1636)

Antoine Daniel, a Jesuit who taught the Hurons many hymns in their own language, was martyred by the Iroquois. (1638)

John Cennick, English clergyman, died. Born of Quaker parents, he had been raised in the Anglican Church, worked within the Methodist movement under John Wesley, left Wesley to work with George Whitefield, and finally joined the Moravian Brethren. (1755)

American Revolutionary War: Continental Congress voted to sign and approve the Declaration of Independence. It proclaimed “That these United Colonies are, and of Right ought to be Free and Independent States; that they are Absolved from all Allegiance to the British Crown…” (1776)

American Revolutionary War: Liberty Bell rang for the 2nd Continental Congress after they approved the Declaration of Independence. (1776)

First official US Independence Day celebration was held. (1796)

US Military Academy, West Point, officially opened. (1802)

Louisiana Purchase was announced to the American people. (1803)

Staging the first-ever Fourth of July celebration west of the Mississippi River, Lewis and Clark fired the expedition cannon and ordered an extra ration of whiskey for the men. (1804)

Chief Engineer James Geddes began construction on the Erie Canal, one of the first great engineering works in North America. (1817)

Founding Fathers and US Presidents Thomas Jefferson and John Adams died on the same day. (1826)

Slavery was abolished in New York State. (1827)

Construction began on B&O, Baltimore-Ohio. It was the first US passenger railroad. (1828)

My Country Tis of Thee was first performed. (1832)

Wisconsin Territory was formed. (1836)

Missionary Dan Beach Bradley established the first newspaper in Siam—the Bangkok Reporter. (1844)

Henry David Thoreau moved into his shack on Walden Pond. (1845)

Texas Congress voted for annexation to US. (1845)

Walt Whitman’s Leaves of Grass was first published. (1855)

US Civil War: General Lee’s army withdrew from Gettysburg. (1863)

US Civil War: The Confederacy was torn in two when General John C. Pemberton surrendered to Union General Ulysses S. Grant at Vicksburg, Mississippi. (1863)

Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland was first published. (1865)

Buffalo Bill Cody presented his first wild west show. (1883)

Statue of Liberty was presented to US in Paris. (1884)

First organized rodeo competition was held in Prescott, Arizona. (1888)

Spanish American War: US flag was hoisted over Wake Island. (1898)

First public fireworks were held at Cleveland Stadium. (1931)

Hungarian physicist Leo Szilard patented the chain-reaction design for the atomic bomb. (1934)

WW2: First American bombing mission over enemy-occupied Europe took place. (1942)

Kathryn Kuhlman, Pentecostal evangelist and faith-healer, preached her first sermon in Carnegie Hall. (1948)

America’s new 49-star flag honoring Alaska statehood unfurled. (1959)

America’s new 50-star flag honoring Hawaiian statehood unfurled, (1960)

US President Lyndon B. Johnson signed the Freedom of Information Act. (1966)

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Today in HisStory – July 3

Apostle Thomas was martyred by a pagan priest in India according to tradition. (35 AD)

Hans Egede, Lutheran missionary, landed in Greenland with a party of forty-six people. (1721)

French and Indian War: George Washington surrendered to the French at Fort Necessity. (1754)

American Revolutionary War: General Washington took command of Continental Army at Cambridge, Massachusetts. (1775)

American Revolutionary War: British forces massacred 360 men, women, and children in Wyoming, Pennsylvania. (1778)

War of 1812: Americans captured Fort Erie, Canada. (1818)

Pony Express completed its first run from New York to San Francisco. (1861)

US Civil War: Battle of Gettysburg was won by the Union Army, its first major victory of the war. It was the largest battle ever fought on the American continent. (1863)

US Civil War: Battle of Chattahoochee River took place. (1864)

Prussia, now known as Germany, declared clergy are subordinate to the state. (1880)

Dow Jones published it’s first stock average. (1884)

In Germany, Karl Benz drove the first automobile for the first time. (1886)

Idaho was admitted as 43rd US state. (1890)

US Civil War: Confederate veterans at the Great Reunion of 1913 reenacted Pickett’s charge. Upon reaching the high-water mark of the Confederacy, they were met by the outstretched hands of friendship from Union survivors. (1913)

US Veterans Administration was created. (1930)

US Civil War: US President FDR dedicated the Eternal Light Peace Memorial and lit the eternal flame at Gettysburg Battlefield. (1938)

252,288 people set a record passing through Grand Central Station, New York City. (1947)

Korean War: For the first time, US and North Korean forces clashed. (1950)

Back to the Future, directed by Robert Zemeckis and starring Michael J. Fox and Christopher Lloyd, was released. (1985)

This was the deadliest day in Texas traffic history according to the Texas Department of Public Safety. Forty six people were killed in crashes. (1994)

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Today in HisStory – July 2

Terrified by a thunderstorm, Martin Luther vowed to become a monk and soon afterward entered the order of Augustinian Hermits. (1505)

French Jesuit Isaac Jogues arrived in Quebec where he was martyred. (1636)

King James II disbanded the English parliament. (1687)

Thomas Savery patented the first steam engine. (1698)

First Bible in America printed in English was published in Boston. (1752)

American Revolutionary War: Continental Congress resolved “these United Colonies are and of right ought to be Free & Independent States.” (1776)

American Revolutionary War: John Dickenson abstained from the vote to declare US independence and became the only member refusing to sign because he felt it was too early for such a declaration. Since a proposal had been brought forth and carried stating, “for our mutual security and protection,” no man could remain in Congress without signing, Dickinson voluntarily left and joined the Pennsylvania militia. (1776)

Dan Beach Bradley, medical missionary, set sail for Siam. (1834)

Sarah Davis Comstock, her husband Grover, and other missionaries sailed from Boston aboard the Cashmere for Burma. Sarah’s death of dysentery nine years later, because of her many acts of kindness, led several Burmese to commit themselves to Christ. (1834)

Slaves aboard a Spanish schooner La Amistad revolted to secure their freedom while being transported from one Cuban port to another. (1839)

An alligator fell from sky during a thunderstorm in Charleston, South Carolina. (1843)

Envelope bearing first US 10 cent stamp was used. It still exists today. (1847)

Benjamin Lane patented a gas mask with a breathing apparatus. (1850)

US Civil War: Second Day of the Battle of Gettysburg took place. (1863)

William Booth preached the first of nine sermons in a tattered tent under the name of the East London Christian Mission. Later it became known as the Salvation Army. (1865)

First US elevated railroad began service in New York City. (1867)

US President James Garfield was shot by anarchist Charles J. Guiteau. He died 81 days later. (1881)

Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid robbed a train of $40,000 at Wagner, Montana. (1901)

WW1: US President Warren G. Harding signed a joint congressional resolution declaring the official end of war with Germany. (1921)

At Zang Xien, China, Wang Ming-dao preached his first public sermon. He became the father of China’s house church movement, rejecting assimilation into the official Communist-controlled Three-Self Patriotic Church system. (1921)

US Army Air Corp was created. (1926)

Amelia Earhart and Fred Noonan disappeared over Pacific Ocean. (1937)

WW2: Hitler ordered the invasion of Britain. (1940)

WW2: Nazis mass murdered 7,000 in Lvov/Lemberg. (1941)

Evangelical Pastor Martinez Quintana was martyred by a mob in Columbia. (1950)

US President Lyndon B. Johnson signed Civil Rights Act & Voting Rights Act into law. (1964)

US Supreme Court ruled the death penalty was not inherently cruel or unusual. (1976)

British divers discovered 12 boys and their coach alive in Tham Luang Nang Non cave, Thailand after being trapped for 9 days by monsoon flooding. (2018)

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Today in HisStory – July 1

Roman General Titus and his forces set up battering rams to assault the walls of Jerusalem. (70 AD)

In China, sunglasses were invented. (1200)

Protestants were first burned at the stake in the Netherlands. (1517)

The first Lutheran martyrs of the Reformation were burned alive in Brussels. Johann Esch and Heinrich Voes, followers of Luther, had been forced to choose between recantation or death. (1523)

Protestant preacher John Bradford was burned to death as a heretic during the reign of Mary Tudor. As he was led to his death, crowds lined the way, weeping and praying for him. In the Tower of London, he had ministered to criminals. Three days before, he stopped the assassination of a Catholic bishop. (1555)

First Quakers Mary Fisher and Ann Austin arrived in Boston and were arrested. (1656)

American Revolutionary War: First vote on Declaration of Independence took place. (1776)

Earliest recorded Methodist camp meeting in America was held in Logan County, Kentucky near Gaspar River Church. (1800)

Admiral James C Ross reached magnetic North Pole. (1831)

US President Andrew Jackson announced to Congress the bequest by James Smithson of 100,000 gold sovereigns to found an institution in Washington DC. (1836)

US Congress outlawed polygamy for the first time. (1862)

US Civil War: Battle of Gettysburg began. (1863)

The Dominion of Canada was formed. It comprised the provinces of New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Ontario, and Quebec. (1867)

First US zoo opened in Philadelphia. (1874)

Christian Author Harriet Beecher Stowe died. She had averaged nearly a book a year at the peak of her production, but Uncle Tom’s Cabin will remain her most famous. (1896)

Spanish-American War: Teddy Roosevelt and his Rough Riders charged up San Juan Hill. (1898)

The Gideons were founded by three traveling businessmen. (1899)

Missionary Horace Tracy Pitkin was beheaded during the Boxer Uprising in China. (1900)

Geronimo was baptized into the Methodist Church in Medicine Creek, Oklahoma Territory. (1903)

Albert Einstein introduced his theory of relativity. (1905)

World’s first air force was established as part of US Army. (1907)

Coca-Cola first sold its current coke formula without cocaine. (1916)

WW1: First day of the Battle of the Somme took place. The British Army suffered its worst day, losing 19,240 men. (1916)

The Communist Party of China was founded. Chen Duxiu was elected its leader. (1921)

Popeye was born. (1929)

WW2: German Nazi regime declared married women shouldn’t work. (1933)

Andrae Crouch, Gospel composer and artist, was born. (1942)

US postal service instituted Zone Improvement Plan, the zip code. (1963)

U.S. Supreme Court ruled that public school teachers may not enter parochial school classrooms to provide remedial or enrichment instruction. (1985)

United Kingdom returned Hong Kong and the New Territories to the People’s Republic of China. (1997)

The US Supreme Court ruled family-owned corporations can reject provision of Obamacare on religious grounds. (2014)

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Today in HisStory – June 30

Spanish conquistadors under Hernán Cortés took gold from Aztecs. (1520) Augsburg Interim issued by Charles V became the law.  It ordered Lutherans to return to Catholic practices . (1548) William Prynne, an outspoken and dogmatic Puritan, was tortured. His ears were cropped, and he was branded with the letters S.L, standing for Seditious Libeler. On his way back to prison, he claimed the S.L. stood for stigmata laudis, a pun meaning sign of praise. (1637)

James Stephen, the man who helped Wilberforce end slavery in England, was born. (1758)

Benjamin Randall organized a fellowship of churches known as Free Will Baptists. (1780)

Congress created Indian Territory. It is now known as Oklahoma. (1834)

Bishop Samuel Wilberforce and biologist Thomas Huxley engaged in a famous exchange regarding evolution. Before the debate, Wilberforce was coached by biologist Richard Owen. (1860)

Eight alleged conspirators in the assassination of President Lincoln were found guilty. (1865)

Winton Motor Carriage Company published the first known automobile ad in Scientific American. The headline was “dispense with a horse.” (1898)

Revival broke out in Pandita Ramabai’s community at Mukti, India. (1905)

US Congress passed the Meat Inspection Act and the Pure Food and Drug Act. (1906)

WW2: Night of Long Knives where Hitler staged a bloody purge of the Nazi party took place. (1934)

Gone with the Wind by Margaret Mitchell was published. (1936)

40 hour work week law was approved for US federal employees. (1936)

The first Superman comic was published. (1938)

Last British troops left Israel. (1948)

Johnny Carson Show debuted. (1955)

Robert Henry Lawrence, Jr. was named the first black astronaut. (1967)

Ohio became 38th state to approve of lower voting age to 18, thus ratifying 26th amendment. (1971)

Mrs. Martin Luther King, Sr. and a church deacon were slain by a crazed gunman in Atlanta’s Ebenezer Baptist Church, where her son, the assassinated civil rights leader, once preached. (1974)

Soviet dancer Mikhail Baryshnikov defected to the west. (1974)

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