Today in HisStory – October 5

Catholic authorities sentenced Mennonite Maeyken Wens to death along with four others. All were condemned to have their tongues screwed tight so they could not speak to the bystanders about Christ or repentance.  (1573)

Gregorian calendar was introduced in Italy and other Catholic countries. (1582)

Solomon Stoddard, Jonathan Edwards’ grandfather, preached a famed sermon on the Lord’s Supper, saying people should be allowed to partake even if not sure of their salvation. (1690)

Great Awakening preacher Jonathan Edwards was born. (1703)

French Revolution: Women of Paris marched to Versailles to confront Louis XVI about his refusal to promulgate the decrees on the abolition of feudalism, demand bread, and have the King and his court moved to Paris. (1789)

French Revolution: Christianity was disestablished in France. (1793)

Spain declared war on England. (1796)

US War of 1812: Americans defeated British in Battle of Thames in Canada. (1813)

Chief Joseph of the Nez Perce Indians surrendered to U.S. General Nelson A. Miles in the Bear Paw mountains of Montana. He declared, “Hear me, my chiefs. My heart is sick and sad. From where the sun now stands, I will fight no more forever.” (1877)

Christians took control of the government in Uganda, thanks in large part to the courage of an Anglican believer, Hamu Lujonza Kaddu Mukasa, who had won a decisive victory during the religious wars. (1890)

Harry Emerson Fosdick dedicated Riverside Church in New York City. (1933)

Suffrage was extended to women in France. (1944)

Harry Truman made the first Presidential address televised from the White House. (1947)

PBS became a US television network. (1970)

Egyptian President Anwar Sadat was assassinated by Islamic terrorists. (1981)

Televangelist Jim Bakker was found guilty on 24 counts of mail and wire fraud. (1989)

Mass demonstrations in Belgrade led to the resignation of Serbian strongman Slobodan Milošević. These demonstrations are often called the Bulldozer Revolution. (2000)

Robert Stevens became the first victim in the 2001 anthrax attacks. (2001)

Tom Ridge resigned as Governor of Pennsylvania to become President George HW Bush’s Homeland Security Advisor. (2001)

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Today in HisStory – October 4

The Battle of Lake Poyang ended when the Chinese rebel forces of Zhu Yuanzhang defeated that of his rival, Chen Youliang. It was one of the largest naval battles in history with 850,000 taking part. (1363)

The first complete English-language Bible, the Matthew Bible, was printed, with translations by William Tyndale and Miles Coverdale. (1537)

In Massachusetts, Plymouth Colony’s first law was drafted. (1636)

Peter Stuyvesant established America’s first volunteer firemen. (1648)

Dutch painter Rembrandt Harmensz van Rijn died. (1669)

Christian Huygens patented the pocket watch. (1675)

Abraham Lincoln made his first political speech at the Illinois State Fair. (1854)

Edward Leveaux patented automatic player piano. (1881)

Orient Express made its first run linking Turkey to Europe by rail. (1883)

New York City subway opened. 350,000 people rode the 9.1 mile tracks. (1904)

Gutzon Borglum began sculpting Mt. Rushmore. (1927)

John Sung, a Chinese student in America, boarded a ship bound for Shanghai intending to evangelize China. He preached the Gospel in China for fifteen years, winning 100,000 converts to Christ. (1927)

World Council of Churches formed, (1948)

United Nations’ permanent New York City headquarters was dedicated. (1949)

Leave It to Beaver debuted on CBS. (1957)

Russian Sputnik became the first satellite in space. (1957)

Paul VI became the first pope to visit the US when he made a speech at the UN exonerating the Jews of blame in the death of Christ. (1965)

US Supreme Court lifted the 1972 ban on the death penalty for convicted murderers. (1976)

Two Egyptian Christians, Ageeb Sami Yacoub and Ameer Sami Yacoub, having refused to pay protection money to Muslims, were bound and murdered in cold blood. (1994)

WikiLeaks was launched. It was created by internet activist and hacker Julian Assange. (2006)

Michael Morton, who spent 25 years in prison for his wife’s murder, was released after DNA evidence implicated another man in the crime. (2011)

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Today in HisStory – October 3

State of Gojoseon, modern-day Korea, was founded by Dangun Wanggeom during the reign of the Chinese Emperor Yao. (2333 BC)

St. Francis of Assisi, mystic and founder of the Franciscan order, died. (1226)

Dafydd ap Gruffydd, Prince of Gwynedd, Wales, becomes the first person executed by being hanged, drawn and quartered. (1283)

Robert Barclay, a Scot who systematized Quaker theology, died. (1690)

Increase Mather published his Cases of Conscience Concerning Evil Spirits which effectively brought an end to the Salem Witch Trials (1692)

Duke of Montrose issues a warrant for the arrest of Rob Roy MacGregor, a popular Scottish outlaw (1712)

Captain Cook anchors at Alaska (1778)

Washington proclaims first national Thanksgiving Day on November 26
 (1789)

American author Edgar Allan Poe is found delirious in a gutter in Baltimore, Maryland under mysterious circumstances; it is the last time he is seen in public before his death. (1849)

Thomas Gallaudet started the first church for the deaf in New York City. (1852)

US President Lincoln designated the last Thursday in November as Thanksgiving Day. (1863)

Bloomingdale’s department store opened in New York City. (1872)

The Union Church of Christ was organized in Japan. (1877)

Red Badge of Courage by Stephen Crane was published. It was a novel about the Civil War. (1895)

SOS was adopted as warning signal by first conference on wireless telegraphy. (1906)

Federal income tax was signed into law at 1% by US President Woodrow Wilson. (1913)

Daniel B. Towner, American music evangelist who had worked with Dwight L. Moody, died. He had been head of the Music Department of Moody Bible Institute and had composed more than 2,000 songs. (1919)

Kingdom of Serbs, Croats & Slovenes changed its name to Yugoslavia. (1929)

Iraq gained full independence from Britain. (1932)

WW2: US formed the parachute troops. (1940)

The Maltese Falcon premiered It was directed by John Huston and based off Dashiell Hammett’s 1929 novel of the same name. It starred Humphrey Bogart and Mary Astor. (1941)

WW2: Six Paris synagogues were bombed by the Nazis. (1941)

WW2: All elderly Jewish men of Kerenchug Ukraine were killed by the SS. (1941)

WW2: Lutheran pastor Kjeldgaard Jensen read a letter instructing Danes to assist in the rescue of Jews from impending Nazi deportation to death camps. This inspired the town to hide over 1,300 Jews and transport most of them to neutral Sweden. (1943)

Captain Kangaroo premiered on CBS-TV. (1955)

Mickey Mouse Club premiered. (1955)

The Andy Griffith Show premieres on CBS. (1960)

Dick Van Dyke Show and Mr. Ed premiered on CBS-TV. (1961)

Reunification of East & West Germany happened when the West German flag was raised above Brandenburg Gate on the stroke of midnight. (1990)

OJ Simpson was acquitted of murder. (1995)

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Today in HisStory – October 2

William Tyndale wrote The Obedience of a Christian Man, a pamphlet arguing that a good Christian obeys the king in so far as the king obeys God. He supported his points from the Bible, declared that Scripture is the Christian’s final authority in matters of faith, and attacked teachings such as salvation by works. (1528)

Connecticut banished Quakers. (1656)

The funeral of George Whitefield was held at the Old South First Presbyterian Church in Newburyport. Thousands of people were unable to get even to the door of the church. (1770)

American Revolutionary War: British Major John Andre, accomplice of Benedict Arnold, was hanged as a spy. (1780)

Arthur Tappan and his anti-slavery associates were forced to slip away from a chapel on Chatham Street to escape a pro-slavery mob egged on by the press. (1833)

US Civil War: Confederates won the Battle of Saltville, one of its few victories toward the end of the war. (1864)

Beatrix Potter’s The Tale of Peter Rabbit was published. (1902)

US President Woodrow Wilson suffered a massive stroke while in office. (1919)

WW2: The Warsaw Uprising ended with the surrender of the surviving Polish rebels to German forces. Nazis killed 250,000. (1944)

Charles M. Schulz’s first strip of Charlie Brown called Li’l Folks was published in 9 papers. Later, the name was changed to Peanuts. (1950)

The Bridge on the River Kwai, directed by David Lean and starring William Holden and Alec Guinness, was released. It won the Academy Awards Best Picture in 1958. (1957)

Hurricane Flora killed thousands in Haiti. (1963)

Thurgood Marshall was sworn in as the first black US Supreme Court Justice. (1967)

Actor Rock Hudson died of Aids. (1985)

Five school girls were murdered by Charles Carl Roberts in a shooting at an Amish school in Nickel Mines, Pennsylvania. Roberts committed suicide. (2006)

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Today in HisStory – October 1

Alexander the Great defeated Persian ruler Darius III in the Battle of Gaugamela. (331 BC)

The Colloquy of Marburg opened, attempting to unify the followers of Martin Luther and Ulrich Zwingli. Reformers agreed on 14 out of 15 articles. Switzerland remained Reformed and Germany Lutheran. (1529)

Queen Elizabeth I arrested the Duke of Norfolk for conspiring to marry Mary, Queen of Scots. (1569)

Congress of Vienna redrew Europe’s political map after the defeat of Napoléon Bonaparte. (1814)

When a mob attempted to prevent Seventh-day Adventists from crossing a bridge to worship in Paris, Maine, one of the ringleaders horsewhipped an Adventist. Fourteen-year-old John Nevins Andrews threw his arms around the assaulted man, declaring, “If you whip Brother Davis, you must whip me also.” In respect for his bravery, the Adventists were allowed to pass. Andrews became an Adventist leader and author. (1844)

James Bryan invited a revival team to use his circus arena. Many people become Christians there. (1865)

Karl Marx’ Das Kapital was published. (1867)

Little Women by Louisa May Alcott was published. (1868)

Daniel Warner’s church brought charges against him for preaching holiness. (1877)

John Philip Sousa became the new director of US Marine Corps Band. (1880)

National Geographic magazine was published for the first time. (1888)

US Congress created the Weather Bureau. (1890)

Yosemite National Park was established. (1890)

A downturn in the stock market led to a run on the dollar. US President Theodore Roosevelt called on financier JP Morgan to help manage the financial crisis. (1907)

Henry Ford introduced the Model T car. It cost $825. (1908)

WW2: Adolf Hitler expanded the German Army and Navy and created an Air Force violating the Treaty of Versailles. (1934)

Winston Churchill called Russia a “riddle wrapped in a mystery inside an enigma.” (1939)

The Pennsylvania Turnpike, pioneer toll thruway, opened. (1940)

US Office of Strategic Services known as OSS, precursor to the CIA, disbanded. (1945)

WW2: 12 Nazi war criminals were sentenced to death in Nuremberg. (1946)

US space agency NASA began operations incorporating earlier National Advisory Council on Aeronautics and other bodies. (1958)

A volcanco believed to be extinct erupted in Tristan da Cunha. (1961)

Christian Broadcasting Network CBN began broadcasting. It became notable for its 700 Club. (1961)

Johnny Carson hosted his first Tonight Show with Joan Crawford as a guest. (1962)

Free Speech Movement was launched at University of California, Berkley. (1964)

Mikhail Gorbachev became Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet, effectively head of state of the Soviet Union. (1988)

US President George H. W. Bush condemned the Iraq’s takeover of Kuwait at the UN. (1990) Vladimir Putin became a permanent member of the Security Council of the Russian Federation. (1998) Just past noon, the first of two bombs ripped apart Grace Sonmin Church in the Tajik capital of Dushanbe. Nine people died and seventy others were injured. (2000)

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Today in HisStory – September 30

King Richard II of England abdicated stating reasons for his unworthiness for the throne. King Henry IV became king. (1399)

English revivalist of the Great Awakening George Whitefield died on his seventh visit to America. A day earlier, he’d preached his last sermon. (1770)

American Revolutionary War: Continental Congress fled to York, Pennsylvania as British forces advanced. (1777)

Anesthetic ether was used for the first time by American dentist Dr William Morton who extracted a tooth. (1846)

US Civil War: Black soldiers were given US Congressional Medal of Honor. (1864)

Wyoming legislators wrote the first state constitution to grant women the right to vote. (1889)

City of New York was established. (1898)

US President Woodrow Wilson gave a speech before Congress in support of guaranteeing women the right to vote. (1918)

Time Square Theater opened. (1920)

The Hoover Dam, astride the border between the U.S. states of Arizona and Nevada, was dedicated by US President FDR. (1935)

WW2: 22 Nazi leaders were found guilty of war crimes at Nuremberg. Ribbentrop and Goering were sentenced to death. (1946)

The complete Old and New Testament of the Revised Standard Version (RSV) of the Bible was first published by Thomas Nelson and Son. (1952)

The USS Nautilus, the world’s first nuclear submarine, was commissioned by the U.S. Navy. (1954)

Actor James Dean died in a car accident at age 24. (1955)

The Flintstones, the first animated sitcom created by Hanna-Barbera, premieres on ABC TV. (1960)

US President John F. Kennedy routed 3,000 federal troops to Mississippi. (1962)

A Muslim mob ravages the St. George Coptic Church in Edfu, Egypt. Islamic officials and local media put the blame on Christians. (2011)

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Today in HisStory – September 29

Darius I of Persia killed Magian usurper Gaumâta securing his hold as king of the Persian Empire. (522 BC)

In the Battle of Salamis, the Greek fleet under Themistocles defeated the Persian fleet under Xerxes. (480 BC)

The War of Religion broke out in France. Huguenots tried to kidnap King Charles IX. (1567)

In Jamestown, Captain Newport arrived from England with supplies for colonists. (1608)

An American Indian tomahawked René Goupil for having made the sign of the cross over some Iroquois children. He died, gasping the name of Jesus. Earlier he had been beaten to the ground and assailed several times with knotted sticks and fists, had his hair, beard and nails torn off, and his forefingers bitten through. (1642)

American Revolutionary War: British spy John André , accomplice of Benedict Arnold, was sentenced to death. (1780)

US War Dept established a regular army. (1789)

The first units of the London Metropolitan Police appeared on the streets of the British capital. (1829)

Evan Roberts was filled with the Holy Spirit. He went on to lead a significant revival in Wales. (1904)

American oil tycoon John D. Rockefeller became the world’s first billionaire. (1916)

Communists sentence Natalya Ivanovna Sundukova to death because she refused to work for the Soviet state because it was anti-Christian. (1941)

WW2: The Babi Yar massacre of nearly 34,000 Jewish men, women, and children begin on the outskirts of Kiev in the Nazi-occupied Ukraine. (1941)

Welsh evangelist and revivalist Evan Roberts died. (1951)

My Three Sons starring Fred MacMurray debuted on ABC-TV. (1960)

Christian and Missionary Alliance missionary Betty Ann Olsen, while being held captive by the Viet Cong, died. (1968)

Cyanide-laced Tylenol killed six. (1982)

MacGyver starring Richard Dean Anderson debuted on ABC-TV. (1985)

Dow Jones Industrial Average fell 777.68 points, its largest single-day point loss, following the bankruptcies of Lehman Brothers and Washington Mutual. (2008)

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Today in HisStory – September 28

King Wenceslas of Bohemia, who the Christmas song was written about, was martyred by his brother. A Christian, Wenceslas sought peace with surrounding nations, reformed the judicial system, and showed particular concern for his country’s poor. (935 AD)

William the Conqueror invaded England. (1066)

The Spanish explorer Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo discovered San Diego Bay and California. (1542)

A statute was enacted by the colony of Maryland giving ministers the right to impose divorce on unholy couples. (1704)

American  Revolutionary War: Samuel Huntington was elected President of the Continental Congress. He succeeded John Jay. (1779)

American  Revolutionary War: 9,000 American forces and 7,000 French forces began the Siege of Yorktown. (1781)

Napoleon Bonaparte graduated from the military academy in Paris at age 16. He was 42nd in a class of 51. (1785)

Second Great Awakening Evangelist Charles Finney left his itinerant evangelism and accepted a call to the Chatham Street Church in New York. He was supposed to become their pastor but collapsed with cholera. (1832)

Lemuel Haynes, the first African-American bishop to shepherd a Caucasian flock, died. He was the first African-American awarded an advanced degree and argued strongly against slavery. (1833)

US Navy abolished flogging as a punishment. (1850)

Yellow River or Huáng Hé flooded in China. It killed over 1.5 million people. (1887)

The first General Conference on Weights and Measures CGPM defined the length of a meter as the distance between two lines on a standard bar of an alloy of platinum with ten percent iridium, measured at the melting point of ice. (1889)

Guerrillas assaulted unarmed US soldiers in Balangiga, Philippians, killing 38. (1901)

A woman was arrested for smoking a cigarette in a car in New York City. (1904)

US troops reoccupied Cuba. (1906)

A Liberty Loan parade in Philadelphia prompted a huge outbreak of the flu epidemic in the city. (1918)

WW1: British soldier allegedly spared the life of an injured Adolf Hitler. (1918)

William Seymour, founder of the Azusa Street Mission where the Azusa Street Revival took place, died. (1922)

WW2: German-Soviet Frontier Treaty was signed by Joachim von Ribbentrop and Vyacheslav Molotov. It redrew German and Soviet spheres of influence in central Europe and transferred most of Lithuania to the USSR. (1939)

My Friend Irma was the first of 12 films starring Dean Martin and Jerry Lewis. (1949)

Star Trek: The Next Generation starring Patrick Stewart debuted on syndicated TV. (1987)

The Holy Synod of the Romanian Orthodox Church acknowledged the revivalist Lord’s Army as a living and faithful limb of the Orthodox Church, and approved the movement’s functioning statutes. (1990)

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Today in HisStory – September 27

The walls of upper city Jerusalem were battered down by the Roman Army. (70AD)

Pope Alexander III wrote a letter to the legendary Prester John, Christian king over much of central Asia, and entrusted to Philip, his physician, to deliver. Philip didn’t survive the attempt to convey it. (1177)

Earthquake in Gulf of Chili, China killed at least 100,000. (1290)

Philippina Graveron, a young Huguenot widow, was martyred at Paris. (1557)

Pope Urban VII died 13 days after being chosen as the Pope. He had the shortest reign of papacy in history. (1590)

Patriot and Founding Father Samuel Adams was born. (1722)

American Revolutionary War: British General William Howe occupied Philadelphia. (1777)

American Revolutionary War: John Adams negotiated peace terms with England. (1779)

American Revolutionary War: The Protestant Episcopal Church was founded when U.S. Anglicans met to create the denomination. They wanted to become independent of the Church of England. (1785)

Thought to be a runaway slave, George White was arrested while searching for his mother. He later became a famous itinerant African-American preacher. (1787)

US Constitution was submitted to states for ratification. (1787)

Mexican revolutionary forces led by Agustín de Iturbide occupied Mexico City as Spanish withdrew. This brought an end to the Mexican War of Independence. (1821)

French scholar Jean-François Champollion announced he had deciphered the Rosetta Stone. (1822)

George Stephenson’s Locomotion No. 1 became the first steam locomotive to carry passengers on a public rail line, the Stockton and Darlington Railway in England. (1825)

US Civil War: During the Centralia Massacre in Missouri, 24 unarmed Union soldiers were captured and executed by Bloody Bill Anderson. (1864)

US Civil War: Jesse James Gang made a surprise attack on a train and killed 150. (1864)

Annalen der Physik published Albert Einstein’s paper Does the Inertia of a Body Depend Upon Its Energy Content? This introduced the equation E=mc². (1905)

Henry Ford’s first Ford Model T automobile left the Piquette Plant in Detroit, Michigan. (1908)

US President Taft set aside 3 million acres of oil-rich public land, including Teapot Dome, Wyoming, for conservation purposes. (1909)

WW2: Warsaw, Poland surrendered to Germans after 19 days of resistance. (1939)

WW2: Black leaders protested discrimination in US armed forces. (1940)

WW2: Nazi Germany, Italy, and Japan signed a 10 year formal alliance called the Axis. (1940)

Reinhard Heydrich, butcher of Prague, was appointed SS-general. (1941)

School integration began in Washington DC and Baltimore, Maryland Public Schools. (1954)

In Afghanistan, the Taliban captured the capital city Kabul after driving out President Burhanuddin Rabbani and executing former leader Mohammad Najibullah. (1996)

Google was launched. (1998)

A Supermoon coincided with a lunar eclipse creating a Blood Moon over much of the earth. (2015)

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Today in HisStory – September 26

Francis of Assisi was born. (1181)

Leonor de Cisneros was burned at the stake in Valladolid, Spain, after tortures and threats aimed at forcing her to deny her Reformation beliefs. (1568)

Frances Drake completed circumnavigation of the world when he sailed into Plymouth aboard the Golden Hind. (1580)

Acropolis in Athens, attacked by Venetian army trying to eject Turks, damaged the Parthenon. (1687)

Jonathan Chapman, also known as Johnny Appleseed, was born. He distributed apple seeds and religious tracts from the Alleghenies to the Ohio Valley. (1774)

Thomas Jefferson appointed first US Secretary of State. John Jay won the nomination for first US Chief Justice of the Supreme Court. Edmund J Randolph becomes first US Attorney General. (1789)

Daniel Boone died. (1820)

US Civil War: President Lincoln called for a nationwide fast. (1861)

John Philip Sousa’s band had its first public appearance. (1892)

The Christian flag emerged when Sunday school superintendent Charles C. Overton turned an American flag into an object lesson. He said, “A Christian flag should have white for purity, innocence and peace. Its blue panel would symbolize faith, trust and sincerity. It would have a red cross, to remind us of our Savior’s sacrifice.” (1897)

WW1: The Meuse-Argonne Offensive began. It had more than one million American soldiers and was the largest and most costly offensive of the war. (1918)

Vietnam War: Lt. Col. Peter Dewey became the first American soldier to die in Vietnam. (1945)

Kennedy and Nixon faced off in the first televised national presidential debates. (1960)

Gilligan’s Island debuted. (1964)

The Brady Bunch debuted. (1969)

Soviet military officer Stanislav Petrov averted a worldwide nuclear war by judging a supposed missile attack from the US was an error. The Soviet satellite warning system had malfunctioned. (1983)

Russia ended decades of religious repression with a new constitution allowing religious freedom. (1990)

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